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Between Terror and Trust: Patterns of Parent-Infant Communication in Play
Unformatted Document Text:  children’s play and development. Supplementing and at times contrasting with this perspective, Steen & Owens (2001) suggest that aspects of children’s development can be illuminated by adding an evolutionary perspective. In our presentation, we will seek to bring all of these perspectives together to formulate a coherent understanding of the many dimensions of parent-child communicative play. METHOD This study is a continuation of a multi-site study of children's play undertaken by Steen & Owens from 1999. It involves three families that videotape their interactions with their own children on a regular basis, and an honors project undertaken by one of us, Jirina Kyas, starting in the winter of 2002. She videotaped the participating family during play interactions with their infant daughter at their home in Santa Monica. For this study, it was very time consuming to get good data. For example, it took a couple of months of videotaping and presence at the family’s house before the parents and the infant were comfortable enough to “forget” about the presence of a researcher and relax. In order to get good data, we extended our study through the fall of 2002 which made possible to enrich our research by European data that I was able to collect during the summer 2002 in the Czech Republic. The videotaping is followed by a general coding of the tape, aiming for inter-rater reliabilty. This is followed by detailed, frame-by-frame analysis of the portions of the data that have been identified as providing examples of the various behaviors. In the following, we focus on behaviors that involve some element of pretend danger or act of

Authors: Kyas, Jirina. and Steen, Francis.
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children’s play and development. Supplementing and at times contrasting with this
perspective, Steen & Owens (2001) suggest that aspects of children’s development can be
illuminated by adding an evolutionary perspective. In our presentation, we will seek to
bring all of these perspectives together to formulate a coherent understanding of the many
dimensions of parent-child communicative play.
METHOD
This study is a continuation of a multi-site study of children's play undertaken by
Steen & Owens from 1999. It involves three families that videotape their interactions
with their own children on a regular basis, and an honors project undertaken by one of us,
Jirina Kyas, starting in the winter of 2002. She videotaped the participating family
during play interactions with their infant daughter at their home in Santa Monica. For this
study, it was very time consuming to get good data. For example, it took a couple of
months of videotaping and presence at the family’s house before the parents and the
infant were comfortable enough to “forget” about the presence of a researcher and relax.
In order to get good data, we extended our study through the fall of 2002 which made
possible to enrich our research by European data that I was able to collect during the
summer 2002 in the Czech Republic.
The videotaping is followed by a general coding of the tape, aiming for inter-rater
reliabilty. This is followed by detailed, frame-by-frame analysis of the portions of the
data that have been identified as providing examples of the various behaviors. In the
following, we focus on behaviors that involve some element of pretend danger or act of


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