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Applying CMC Theoreis to Assess Virtual Community
Unformatted Document Text:  CMC Theories and Virtual Community 3 computer media for building interpersonal relationships. Finally, online community is assessed to see whether it contains the elements of community and how CMC affect those elements. Literature Review What is a community/Concept of Community Within the social science, there is ambiguity regarding the definition of the term of community and it’s meaning is contingent upon contexts. Traditionally, community has been defined as people sharing same physical space, interacting face-to-face to share companionship and support of all kinds (Wellman, 1999). For example, Weinreich (1997) defines community as a collective of kinship networks which share a common geography territory, history and a value system. However, this perspective is constrained by the geographic boundary and often criticized for not reflecting reality of new social environment. Wellman (1999) argues that community boundaries have expanded throughout the history due to the advancement of transportation and technology such as automobile, airplanes, and telephone, enabling people to maintain the relationships with people in remote areas. Therefore, geographical location is no longer necessity for defining community.G Some scholars have proposed the notion of social networks which consist of friends, kins, and co-workers who do not necessarily live in the same neighborhood. Social network approach urges to stress on the activities and interaction among community members rather than its environment. Some go even further to argue that community can be formed with people who share same interests such as New Life community or San Francisco Gay community (Hamman, 2001). Members in these communities do not necessarily share geographic location or social networks. G

Authors: Chung, Siyoung.
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CMC Theories and Virtual Community
3
computer media for building interpersonal relationships. Finally, online community is
assessed to see whether it contains the elements of community and how CMC affect
those elements.
Literature Review
What is a community/Concept of Community
Within the social science, there is ambiguity regarding the definition of the term
of community and it’s meaning is contingent upon contexts. Traditionally, community
has been defined as people sharing same physical space, interacting face-to-face to
share companionship and support of all kinds (Wellman, 1999). For example,
Weinreich (1997) defines community as a collective of kinship networks which share a
common geography territory, history and a value system. However, this perspective is
constrained by the geographic boundary and often criticized for not reflecting reality of
new social environment. Wellman (1999) argues that community boundaries have
expanded throughout the history due to the advancement of transportation and
technology such as automobile, airplanes, and telephone, enabling people to maintain
the relationships with people in remote areas. Therefore, geographical location is no
longer necessity for defining community.G
Some scholars have proposed the notion of social networks which consist of
friends, kins, and co-workers who do not necessarily live in the same neighborhood.
Social network approach urges to stress on the activities and interaction among
community members rather than its environment. Some go even further to argue that
community can be formed with people who share same interests such as New Life
community or San Francisco Gay community (Hamman, 2001). Members in these
communities do not necessarily share geographic location or social networks. G


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