All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Young Smokers Cognitive and Affective Responses to Gain-framed and Loss-framed Antismoking Message: A Think Aloud Protocol Study
Unformatted Document Text:  Framing Antismoking Message – 16 light a cigarette, and I think they are just making themselves miserable.” Subjective Norms. Elaboration thoughts on subjective norms are the thoughts regarding perceptions on whether the participants were expected by their friends, family and the society to smoke or not. For example, (1) subjective norms from peer group include thoughts such as, “Most of my friends smoke,” or “I feel ashamed of smoking in front of a group of friends who don’t smoke”; (2) subjective norms from family include thoughts such as, “All my family smoke, and it seems natural to start smoking,” or “my parents were really mad at me when I started smoking”; and (3) subjective norms from society or culture include thoughts such as, “Everyone is against smoking,” and “We just assume everyone is a nonsmoker.” Perceived Behavior Control. Elaboration thoughts on one’s personal perceived control over use of cigarettes, or ability to perform the adaptive behaviors are coded into this category. Thought such as “[I don’t think I am addicted] because I can really just not smoke and don’t feel crave for it,” and “It’d be really easy for me to quit” were coded into this category. Behavioral Intention. This category applies to the elaboration thoughts on one’s own intention to make a change in his/her smoking behaviors. For example, thoughts such as “I plan to cut down smoking when summer comes,” and “I will quit by the time I graduate” fall into this category. Behavior. Elaboration thoughts on one’s own past or current, habitual or non- regular smoking-related behaviors fall in this category. For example, thoughts such as, “I smoke about 3 cigarettes a day,” “ If I go out with friends, I might smoke two packs in one night,” “I usually smoke only in my car and I will spray colon on after smoking ” are

Authors: Cheng, I-Huei. and Cameron, Glen.
first   previous   Page 16 of 41   next   last



background image
Framing Antismoking Message –
16
light a cigarette, and I think they are just making themselves miserable.”
Subjective Norms. Elaboration thoughts on subjective norms are the thoughts
regarding perceptions on whether the participants were expected by their friends, family
and the society to smoke or not. For example, (1) subjective norms from peer group
include thoughts such as, “Most of my friends smoke,” or “I feel ashamed of smoking in
front of a group of friends who don’t smoke”; (2) subjective norms from family include
thoughts such as, “All my family smoke, and it seems natural to start smoking,” or “my
parents were really mad at me when I started smoking”; and (3) subjective norms from
society or culture include thoughts such as, “Everyone is against smoking,” and “We just
assume everyone is a nonsmoker.”
Perceived Behavior Control. Elaboration thoughts on one’s personal perceived
control over use of cigarettes, or ability to perform the adaptive behaviors are coded into
this category. Thought such as “[I don’t think I am addicted] because I can really just not
smoke and don’t feel crave for it,” and “It’d be really easy for me to quit” were coded
into this category.
Behavioral Intention. This category applies to the elaboration thoughts on one’s
own intention to make a change in his/her smoking behaviors. For example, thoughts
such as “I plan to cut down smoking when summer comes,” and “I will quit by the time I
graduate” fall into this category.
Behavior. Elaboration thoughts on one’s own past or current, habitual or non-
regular smoking-related behaviors fall in this category. For example, thoughts such as, “I
smoke about 3 cigarettes a day,” “ If I go out with friends, I might smoke two packs in
one night,” “I usually smoke only in my car and I will spray colon on after smoking ” are


Convention
All Academic Convention is the premier solution for your association's abstract management solutions needs.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 16 of 41   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.