 Re-conceptualizing interruptions in physician-patient interview: Co-operative and intrusive
 Unformatted Document Text:  Interruption Patterns 16 r (13) = 1.0, p < .0001 and r (17) = .99, p < .0001, for the M/M and M/F combinations respectively. In the M/M group, physicians took 73.54 turns ( SD = 38.54) and patients took 72.85 turns (SD = 37.92). Paired samples t-test showed that the difference was statistically significant, t (1, 12) = 2.92, p < .05. In the M/F group, physicians took 90.88 turns (SD = 37.04) and patients took 90.58 turns (SD = 37.26). These means were not significantly different. In the male physician/male patient (M/M) group, the mean time for an interview was 7.04 minutes, while in the male physician/female patient (M/F) group, the mean time for an interview was 9.42 minutes. The difference was statistically significant, t (1, 28) = 2.16, p < .05. In terms of speaking time (interview time minus physical examination time), there was a statistically significant difference between the M/M and M/F groups, t (1, 28) = 2.22, p < .05. The M/F group (M = 549.17, SD = 176.45) talked more than the M/M group (M = 399.76, SD = 190.97). Means for speaking time was not statistically significant between physicians and patients. The means were 250.43 (SD = 128.28) and 234.66 (SD = 95.94) for physicians and patients respectively. However, the correlation between physicians’ and patients’ speaking time was statistically significant, r (30) = .49, p < .01. There was no statistically significant difference between physicians and patients in their speaking time in either the M/M or the M/F groups. Interestingly, there was no correlation between the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients in either the M/M or the M/F group. In the M/M group, the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients were 646.76 (SD = 510.94) and 605.84 (SD = 329.66) respectively. In the M/F group, the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients were 774.29 (SD = 339.47) and 725.58 (SD = 345.17) respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients in either the M/M or the M/F group. When the number of words of physicians and patients were combined, the M/F group spoke more words (M = 749.94, SD = 338.01) than the M/M group (M = 626.30, SD = 421.79), but this difference was not statistically significant. Role and Gender Differences in Interruption Patterns Means of rates for intrusive, co-operative, and unsuccessful interruptions were calculated

 Authors: Li, Han., Krysko, Michael., Desroches, Naghmeh. and Deagle, George.  Page 16 of 37   Interruption Patterns 16 r (13) = 1.0, p < .0001 and r (17) = .99, p < .0001, for the M/M and M/F combinations respectively. In the M/M group, physicians took 73.54 turns ( SD = 38.54) and patients took 72.85 turns (SD = 37.92). Paired samples t-test showed that the difference was statistically significant, t (1, 12) = 2.92, p < .05. In the M/F group, physicians took 90.88 turns (SD = 37.04) and patients took 90.58 turns (SD = 37.26). These means were not significantly different. In the male physician/male patient (M/M) group, the mean time for an interview was 7.04 minutes, while in the male physician/female patient (M/F) group, the mean time for an interview was 9.42 minutes. The difference was statistically significant, t (1, 28) = 2.16, p < .05. In terms of speaking time (interview time minus physical examination time), there was a statistically significant difference between the M/M and M/F groups, t (1, 28) = 2.22, p < .05. The M/F group (M = 549.17, SD = 176.45) talked more than the M/M group (M = 399.76, SD = 190.97). Means for speaking time was not statistically significant between physicians and patients. The means were 250.43 (SD = 128.28) and 234.66 (SD = 95.94) for physicians and patients respectively. However, the correlation between physicians’ and patients’ speaking time was statistically significant, r (30) = .49, p < .01. There was no statistically significant difference between physicians and patients in their speaking time in either the M/M or the M/F groups. Interestingly, there was no correlation between the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients in either the M/M or the M/F group. In the M/M group, the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients were 646.76 (SD = 510.94) and 605.84 (SD = 329.66) respectively. In the M/F group, the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients were 774.29 (SD = 339.47) and 725.58 (SD = 345.17) respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the mean number of words spoken by physicians and patients in either the M/M or the M/F group. When the number of words of physicians and patients were combined, the M/F group spoke more words (M = 749.94, SD = 338.01) than the M/M group (M = 626.30, SD = 421.79), but this difference was not statistically significant. Role and Gender Differences in Interruption Patterns Means of rates for intrusive, co-operative, and unsuccessful interruptions were calculated Convention Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events! Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf. Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets! Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more! Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering. Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more! Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches! Click here for more information.  Page 16 of 37  