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Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan

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Abstract:

With a worldwide trend of regulatory reform through liberalization, the goal of universal service might be threatened because the trend would undermine the cross-subsidy arrangements that have underpinned universal service. The choice among the different financing methods is a fundamental policy issue and is likely to be different in each country, given its own conditions and needs. Furthermore, the role of government and the regulator will vary with the particular method of funding that is chosen. In this context, this study tries to compare the implementation of universal service in the US and Japan focusing on the framework of Levy and Spiller (1996), which emphasizes the importance of institutional structure in policy-making processes. The study uncovers that the decentralized regulatory process and formalized regulation in the US are largely rooted in its institutional governance and have facilitated pro-competitive implementation in universal service. By contrast, in Japan strategic implementation has been possible through a more discretionary institutional system and the strong regulatory incentives for market-conforming intervention.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

servic (255), univers (236), telecommun (99), regulatori (91), govern (82), polici (75), regul (63), us (62), cost (62), japan (60), provid (53), competit (53), institut (48), 1 (45), system (43), carrier (42), implement (36), access (35), make (35), state (34), ntt (32),

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regulatory governance, regulatory incentives, universal service
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MLA Citation:

Park, Namkee. "Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111498_index.html>

APA Citation:

Park, N. , 2003-05-27 "Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111498_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: With a worldwide trend of regulatory reform through liberalization, the goal of universal service might be threatened because the trend would undermine the cross-subsidy arrangements that have underpinned universal service. The choice among the different financing methods is a fundamental policy issue and is likely to be different in each country, given its own conditions and needs. Furthermore, the role of government and the regulator will vary with the particular method of funding that is chosen. In this context, this study tries to compare the implementation of universal service in the US and Japan focusing on the framework of Levy and Spiller (1996), which emphasizes the importance of institutional structure in policy-making processes. The study uncovers that the decentralized regulatory process and formalized regulation in the US are largely rooted in its institutional governance and have facilitated pro-competitive implementation in universal service. By contrast, in Japan strategic implementation has been possible through a more discretionary institutional system and the strong regulatory incentives for market-conforming intervention.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 27
Word count: 10531
Text sample:
Tracking Number: ICA-1-11804 Regulatory Governance and Universal Service 1 Running Head: Regulatory Governance and Universal Service Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan * Submitted to the Communication Law & Policy division of International Communication Association. Tracking Number: ICA-1-11804 Regulatory Governance and Universal Service 2 Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan ABSTRACT With a worldwide trend of regulatory reform through
The “state” of universal service. SIEPR Policy Paper No. 99-18. Stanford CA: Stanford University. Sugaya M. (1997). Advanced universal service in Japan. Telecommunications Policy 21(2) pp.177-184. Tyler M. (1994). Universal service and innovation: Fostering linked goals through regulatory policy. In ITU. The changing role of government in an era of telecom deregulation. Briefing Report. International Telecommunication Union. Geneva Switzerland. Vogel S.K. (1996). Freer markets more rules. Ithaca: New York Cornell University Press. Weaver K. & Rockman B. (1993). Do


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