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Regulatory Governance and the Implementation of Universal Service: A Comparative Study of the US and Japan
Unformatted Document Text:  Tracking Number: ICA-1-11804 Regulatory Governance and Universal Service 26 Hayashi, K. (1997). Universal service in Japan. In Noam, E.M. & Wolfson, A.J. (Eds.) Globalism and localism in telecommunications. Elsevier, The Netherlands. Horwitz, R.B. (1989). The irony of regulatory reform. New York: Oxford University Press. Intven, H. (2000) (Ed.). Telecommunications regulation handbook, Module 6: Universal service. Washignton, D.C.: The World Bank. ITU (1998). World telecommunication development report 1998. International Telecommunication Union. Geneva, Switzerland. ITU (2002). World telecommunication development report: Reinventing telecoms 2002. International Telecommunication Union. Geneva, Switzerland. Katz, M.L. & Shapiro, C. (1985). Network externalities, competition, and compatibility. American Economic Review 75, pp.424-440. Katz, M.L. & Shapiro, C. (1994). Systems competition and network effects. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8, pp.93-115. Levy, B. & Spiller, P. (1996). Regulations, institutions, and commitment. New York: Cambridge University Press. Milne, C. (1998). Stages of universal service policy. Telecommunications Policy 22(9), pp.775- 780. MPHPT (2001). Outline of the telecommunications business in Japan. Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications. Tokyo, Japan. MPHPT (2002). 2001 Annual Report: Posts and telecommunications in Japan. Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications. Tokyo, Japan. Mueller, M. (1993). Universal service in telephone history. Telecommunications Policy 17(5), pp.352-369. Mueller, M. (1997). Universal service. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Noam, E.M. (1997). Reforming universal service: A prerequisite to competition and interconnection. In Noam, E.M. & Wolfson, A.J. (Eds.) Globalism and localism in telecommunications. Elsevier, The Netherlands. Noll, R. & Rosenbluth, F. (1995). Telecommunications policy: Structure, process, outcomes. In Cowhey, P. & McCubbins, M. (Eds.). Structure and policy in Japan and the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press. OECD (1991). Universal service and rate restructuring in telecommunications. Information Computer Communications Policy 23. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Paris, France. OECD (1995). Universal service obligations in a competitive telecommunications environment.

Authors: Park, Namkee.
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Tracking Number: ICA-1-11804 Regulatory Governance and Universal Service 26
Hayashi, K. (1997). Universal service in Japan. In Noam, E.M. & Wolfson, A.J. (Eds.) Globalism
and localism in telecommunications. Elsevier, The Netherlands.
Horwitz, R.B. (1989). The irony of regulatory reform. New York: Oxford University Press.
Intven, H. (2000) (Ed.). Telecommunications regulation handbook, Module 6: Universal service.
Washignton, D.C.: The World Bank.
ITU (1998). World telecommunication development report 1998. International
Telecommunication Union. Geneva, Switzerland.
ITU (2002). World telecommunication development report: Reinventing telecoms 2002.
International Telecommunication Union. Geneva, Switzerland.
Katz, M.L. & Shapiro, C. (1985). Network externalities, competition, and compatibility.
American Economic Review 75, pp.424-440.
Katz, M.L. & Shapiro, C. (1994). Systems competition and network effects. Journal of Economic
Perspectives 8, pp.93-115.

Levy, B. & Spiller, P. (1996). Regulations, institutions, and commitment. New York: Cambridge
University Press.
Milne, C. (1998). Stages of universal service policy. Telecommunications Policy 22(9), pp.775-
780.
MPHPT (2001). Outline of the telecommunications business in Japan. Ministry of Public
Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications. Tokyo, Japan.
MPHPT (2002). 2001 Annual Report: Posts and telecommunications in Japan. Ministry of Public
Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications. Tokyo, Japan.
Mueller, M. (1993). Universal service in telephone history. Telecommunications Policy 17(5),
pp.352-369.
Mueller, M. (1997). Universal service. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Noam, E.M. (1997). Reforming universal service: A prerequisite to competition and
interconnection. In Noam, E.M. & Wolfson, A.J. (Eds.) Globalism and localism in
telecommunications. Elsevier, The Netherlands.

Noll, R. & Rosenbluth, F. (1995). Telecommunications policy: Structure, process, outcomes. In
Cowhey, P. & McCubbins, M. (Eds.). Structure and policy in Japan and the United
States. New York: Cambridge University Press.

OECD (1991). Universal service and rate restructuring in telecommunications. Information
Computer Communications Policy 23. Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development. Paris, France.

OECD (1995). Universal service obligations in a competitive telecommunications environment.


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