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Regulation of Computer-generated virtual Child Pornography under American and French Jurisprudence: One Country’s Protected “Speech” is another’s Harmful Smut.
Unformatted Document Text:  two countries that have not signed the UN Convention. It has however signed the Optional Protocol. Other United Nations Conventions, Resolutions and Declarations complete the international legal edifice on which regulation of child pornography on the Internet rests. They include: The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference of Human Rights, 12 and the 1999 United Nations Resolution on the Rights of the Child. 13 Additionally, several multilateral and United Nations agencies have launched campaigns against pedopornography on the Internet. The International Labour Organization (ILO), fights against child pornography on the Internet under a convention called the “Worst Forms of Labour Convention of 1999.” 14 At the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), some measures have been put in place to fight against child pornography on the Internet. These include a UNESCO Declaration on the Abuse of Children, Child Pornography and Pedophilia on the Internet, 15 an Action Plan to fight pornography and pedophilia, 16 as well as the “Innocence in Danger” program, 12 See A/CONF.157/24 (PART I) Chapter III (1993) (states that national and international mechanisms and programs for the defense of children including measures to combat child prostitution and child pornography should be strengthened). 13 See A/RES/53/128 (2000) (Countries called upon to enact and enforce, review and revise laws to protect children from commercial sexual exploitation, paedophilia and in particular the dissemination of child pornography on the Internet). 14 See Article 3(b) Convention (C182) Concerning the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (Worst forms of Child Labour Convention of 1999). (Not yet in force). <http://www.ilo.org> (visited October 2000). 15 See UNESCO Declaration on the Abuse of children, child pornography and paedophilia on the Internet: An International challenge. <http://www.UNESCO.org> (visited October 2000). 16 The UNESCO Action Plan calls on governments, international agencies, non-governmental organizations, industry, parents, educators, law enforcement agencies and the mass media to participate in the fight against paedophilia on the Internet <Http://www.unesco.org/webworld/child_screen/conf_index.html#3>. (Visited October 2000)

Authors: Eko, Lyombe.
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two countries that have not signed the UN Convention. It has however signed the
Optional Protocol.
Other United Nations Conventions, Resolutions and Declarations complete
the international legal edifice on which regulation of child pornography on the
Internet rests. They include: The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
adopted by the World Conference of Human Rights,
12
and the 1999 United
Nations Resolution on the Rights of the Child.
13
Additionally, several multilateral and United Nations agencies have launched
campaigns against pedopornography on the Internet. The International Labour
Organization (ILO), fights against child pornography on the Internet under a
convention called the “Worst Forms of Labour Convention of 1999.”
14
At the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
some measures have been put in place to fight against child pornography on the
Internet. These include a UNESCO Declaration on the Abuse of Children, Child
Pornography and Pedophilia on the Internet,
15
an Action Plan to fight
pornography and pedophilia,
16
as well as the “Innocence in Danger” program,
12
See A/CONF.157/24 (PART I) Chapter III (1993) (states that national and international mechanisms and
programs for the defense of children including measures to combat child prostitution and child
pornography should be strengthened).
13
See A/RES/53/128 (2000) (Countries called upon to enact and enforce, review and revise laws to protect
children from commercial sexual exploitation, paedophilia and in particular the dissemination of child
pornography on the Internet).
14
See Article 3(b) Convention (C182) Concerning the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of
Child Labour (Worst forms of Child Labour Convention of 1999). (Not yet in force). <http://www.ilo.org>
(visited October 2000).
15
See UNESCO Declaration on the Abuse of children, child pornography and paedophilia on the Internet:
An International challenge. <http://www.UNESCO.org> (visited October 2000).
16
The UNESCO Action Plan calls on governments, international agencies, non-governmental
organizations, industry, parents, educators, law enforcement agencies and the mass media to participate in
the fight against paedophilia on the Internet
<Http://www.unesco.org/webworld/child_screen/conf_index.html#3>. (Visited October 2000)


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