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Race and Incarceration's Effects on Individual and Neighborhood Voter Turnout

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Abstract:

Incarceration has been shown to affect many parts of life, including economic and health outcomes, and has been linked to changes in individual and neighborhood-level political behavior. This paper presents new causal estimates of incarceration’s effect on voting, using administrative data on criminal sentencing and voter turnout. I use the random case assignment process of a major county court system as a source of exogenous variation in the sentencing of misdemeanor cases. I present estimates of jail's effect on voting across racial groups, and explore reasons for racial differences in demobilization (such as different arrest rates and the disproportionate presence of black voters in the court system). I also explore the effects of individual jail sentences on the voter turnout of close geographic neighbors: do people whose neighbors receive a jail sentence effectively at random become more or less likely to turn out than people whose neighbors just avoid incarceration?
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Association:
Name: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.apsanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1115349_index.html
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MLA Citation:

White, Ariel. "Race and Incarceration's Effects on Individual and Neighborhood Voter Turnout" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2017-11-28 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1115349_index.html>

APA Citation:

White, A. R. , 2016-09-01 "Race and Incarceration's Effects on Individual and Neighborhood Voter Turnout" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2017-11-28 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1115349_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Incarceration has been shown to affect many parts of life, including economic and health outcomes, and has been linked to changes in individual and neighborhood-level political behavior. This paper presents new causal estimates of incarceration’s effect on voting, using administrative data on criminal sentencing and voter turnout. I use the random case assignment process of a major county court system as a source of exogenous variation in the sentencing of misdemeanor cases. I present estimates of jail's effect on voting across racial groups, and explore reasons for racial differences in demobilization (such as different arrest rates and the disproportionate presence of black voters in the court system). I also explore the effects of individual jail sentences on the voter turnout of close geographic neighbors: do people whose neighbors receive a jail sentence effectively at random become more or less likely to turn out than people whose neighbors just avoid incarceration?


 
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