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How Given and New Information Shape the Form of Conversational Hand Gestures
Unformatted Document Text:  12 given and new information manifested within gestures. If each gesture is considered to be analogous to an utterance, it is possible to parse the information contained within each gesture into the two types of information. Multiple depictions showed physical transformations that could be accounted for by what was now given and what was new. Method Participants. Participants were 68 first-year psychology students who signed up for participation in return for bonus marks towards their grade. We arranged the bookings so that three participants came to each session. Participants signed up in groups of three. Eight participants were dropped from analysis: two because the third member of their triad did not show up, and six from two triads due to equipment failure or difficulties during their participation. In total, we recorded 60 participants (16 men and 44 women) who provided us with 20 triads for analysis. When participants arrived, we randomly assigned them to roles. One person in each triad became the target for our analysis (participant A). Thus we had 20 targets (14 women and 6 men), one in each group. We randomly assigned the other two participants in each group to be the role of participant B or participant C. Materials. We used six different toys, and we chose one for this analysis: the whirlygig, which was a short and narrow stick with a propeller attached perpendicularly to one end. When the participant held the rod vertically, rubbed it once between his or her palms, then let go, the whirlygig flew up in the air. Procedure Action phase. After filling out consent forms and briefly getting acquainted, the three participants each played separately with two toys. For the first 15 groups, the target for analysis (participant A) played with the finger cuff and the whirlygig. Participant B played with toys that

Authors: Gerwing, Jennifer.
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given and new information manifested within gestures. If each gesture is considered to be
analogous to an utterance, it is possible to parse the information contained within each gesture
into the two types of information. Multiple depictions showed physical transformations that
could be accounted for by what was now given and what was new.
Method
Participants.
Participants were 68 first-year psychology students who signed up for
participation in return for bonus marks towards their grade. We arranged the bookings so that
three participants came to each session. Participants signed up in groups of three. Eight
participants were dropped from analysis: two because the third member of their triad did not
show up, and six from two triads due to equipment failure or difficulties during their
participation. In total, we recorded 60 participants (16 men and 44 women) who provided us with
20 triads for analysis. When participants arrived, we randomly assigned them to roles. One
person in each triad became the target for our analysis (participant A). Thus we had 20 targets
(14 women and 6 men), one in each group. We randomly assigned the other two participants in
each group to be the role of participant B or participant C.
Materials.
We used six different toys, and we chose one for this analysis: the whirlygig,
which was a short and narrow stick with a propeller attached perpendicularly to one end. When
the participant held the rod vertically, rubbed it once between his or her palms, then let go, the
whirlygig flew up in the air.
Procedure
Action phase. After filling out consent forms and briefly getting acquainted, the three
participants each played separately with two toys. For the first 15 groups, the target for analysis
(participant A) played with the finger cuff and the whirlygig. Participant B played with toys that


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