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Engaging the Surveillance System: Cognitive, Emotional, and Physiological Responses to Inappropriate Leader Displays
Unformatted Document Text:  Leader Displays 20 .057, ε 2 = .06 , and presidential display intensity, F(1,37) = 5.44, p = .025, ε 2 = .10, on self-reported dominance. As news image and presidential display intensity decreases from high to low levels, participants report feeling more dominant, or in control, emotionally. Figure 7. Main Effects of Self-Reported Emotion 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 + News - News Low Int. News High Int. News + Reaction - Reaction Low Int. Reac. High Int. Reac. Valence Arousal Dominance Hypothesis 4 predicted that recognition memory for verbal information in the presidential reaction segments would be better for appropriate displays than inappropriate displays. Figure 8 shows a near-significant news image intensity by display valence interaction for recognition accuracy, F(1, 40) = 3.09, p = .086. Regardless of whether the news images shown were low or high in intensity, positive expressive displays resulted in consistently lower memory than negative displays. Subjects were least able to correctly answer questions about verbal information contained in the positive display segments that followed intense news images (29% correct). When the presidential displays were negative, just the opposite effect occurred: recognition memory drastically improved,

Authors: Bucy, Erik. and Bradley, Samuel.
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background image
Leader Displays 20
.057,
ε
2
= .06 , and presidential display intensity, F(1,37) = 5.44, p = .025,
ε
2
= .10, on
self-reported dominance. As news image and presidential display intensity decreases
from high to low levels, participants report feeling more dominant, or in control,
emotionally.
Figure 7. Main Effects of Self-Reported Emotion
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.5
+ News
- News
Low Int.
News
High Int.
News
+
Reaction
- Reaction Low Int.
Reac.
High Int.
Reac.
Valence
Arousal
Dominance
Hypothesis 4 predicted that recognition memory for verbal information in the
presidential reaction segments would be better for appropriate displays than inappropriate
displays. Figure 8 shows a near-significant news image intensity by display valence
interaction for recognition accuracy, F(1, 40) = 3.09, p = .086. Regardless of whether the
news images shown were low or high in intensity, positive expressive displays resulted in
consistently lower memory than negative displays. Subjects were least able to correctly
answer questions about verbal information contained in the positive display segments that
followed intense news images (29% correct). When the presidential displays were
negative, just the opposite effect occurred: recognition memory drastically improved,


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