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Analysis of Discourses Encompassing the 'Migrant Mother' Picture
Unformatted Document Text:  13 Two different photographs of migrant workers working at a farm come next. There is a brief text between the pictures, saying, “Over A Million men, women, and children… wander from State to State in search of work.” The two photographs, thus, symbolize migrant workers moving around for seasonal crops and thus their plight. After them, there is a picture of a woman preparing food at the rear of her car. There is no caption. It shows the poor living conditions of migrant workers. The end part shows what the government is doing for migrant workers -- the achievement of the FSA. There are four small pictures surrounding a much bigger one. The bigger picture is of an FSA camp. The four small pictures portray a clinic, a nursery, a laundry and shelters within the FSA camp. The layout of this exhibition is arranged to show the causes of migration, migrants’ poor living, and solutions by government. The FSA achievement is emphasized through the structure of the representation. This exhibition briefly explains that small farmers, evicted by the mechanization of farming, wander from state to state in search of work, and the government works to improve their poor living conditions. In this exhibition, the Migrant Mother picture, with the caption, "Mother," represents poverty of small farmers evicted by mechanized farming. However, the whole narrative of the exhibition implies that the plight of the mother in the picture is relieved by government-built camps and facilities. In this genre, the Migrant Mother picture is represented for government public relations. Public relations is a systematic effort to get public support, and PR's key function is the ability to get diverse individuals to come to consent to a program or goal (Bernays, 1952; Cutlip, 1961; Newsome, Scott and Turk, 1993). In this exhibition, the Migrant Mother picture was used to inform the public of the work of the government for migrant, as well as to inform the abject life of migrant workers. That is, the photograph is used to show the achievements of the government in overcoming migrant problems, and is used to attract the readers' attention to a story and to help the readers easily understand and accept the story. It is for gaining support from the public for FSA government policies and programs. 4) Art Photography The First International Exposition of Photography (Figure 7), opened in 1938, and the traveling exhibit "Documents of America: The Rural Scene" of the Museum of Modern Art, from January 1939 to February 1940, also carry the Migrant Mother picture. In these exhibits, photographs hang as works of art. The photographs are just a group of miscellaneous pictures about the life of American people. The photographs stand independently. That is, there is no interdependency among the images. The Migrant Mother

Authors: Choi, Hyunju.
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13
Two different photographs of migrant workers working at a farm come next. There
is a brief text between the pictures, saying, “Over A Million men, women, and children…
wander from State to State in search of work.” The two photographs, thus, symbolize
migrant workers moving around for seasonal crops and thus their plight. After them, there
is a picture of a woman preparing food at the rear of her car. There is no caption. It shows
the poor living conditions of migrant workers.
The end part shows what the government is doing for migrant workers -- the
achievement of the FSA. There are four small pictures surrounding a much bigger one. The
bigger picture is of an FSA camp. The four small pictures portray a clinic, a nursery, a
laundry and shelters within the FSA camp. The layout of this exhibition is arranged to
show the causes of migration, migrants’ poor living, and solutions by government. The
FSA achievement is emphasized through the structure of the representation.
This exhibition briefly explains that small farmers, evicted by the mechanization of
farming, wander from state to state in search of work, and the government works to
improve their poor living conditions. In this exhibition, the Migrant Mother picture, with
the caption, "Mother," represents poverty of small farmers evicted by mechanized farming.
However, the whole narrative of the exhibition implies that the plight of the mother in the
picture is relieved by government-built camps and facilities.
In this genre, the Migrant Mother picture is represented for government public
relations. Public relations is a systematic effort to get public support, and PR's key function
is the ability to get diverse individuals to come to consent to a program or goal (Bernays,
1952; Cutlip, 1961; Newsome, Scott and Turk, 1993). In this exhibition, the Migrant
Mother picture was used to inform the public of the work of the government for migrant,
as well as to inform the abject life of migrant workers. That is, the photograph is used to
show the achievements of the government in overcoming migrant problems, and is used to
attract the readers' attention to a story and to help the readers easily understand and accept
the story. It is for gaining support from the public for FSA government policies and
programs.
4) Art Photography
The First International Exposition of Photography (Figure 7), opened in 1938, and
the traveling exhibit "Documents of America: The Rural Scene" of the Museum of Modern
Art, from January 1939 to February 1940, also carry the Migrant Mother picture.
In these exhibits, photographs hang as works of art. The photographs are just a
group of miscellaneous pictures about the life of American people. The photographs stand
independently. That is, there is no interdependency among the images. The Migrant Mother


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