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Violence and Peace in the Print Media: News Discourse and Social Construction of Reality in Colombia

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Abstract:

The authors studied the social construction of reality on violence and peace emerging from coverage of Colombia’s socio-political conflict by the print media. Authors drew on Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality and upon Teun Van Dijk’s discourse analysis. 600 news pieces from newspapers El Tiempo and El Heraldo, corresponding to the first semesters of 1999 and 2000, related to Colombia’s armed conflict were analyzed. A coding form included macro-structure or summary (headings, opening paragraph); microstructure (context, verbal reactions, expectations, conclusions and consequences; and iconography); and the objective social construction of reality, which included tipifications, roles, and sedimentation and traditions.

Results indicate that Colombia’s armed conflict is part of the daily discourse of the country; also, a thinning of the borderline between news genres is found, which has an impact upon the coverage of the conflict. New actors of the conflict emerge in the news discourse, whom are either more visible (i.e., guerrilla groups) or more invisible (civil society), and while there is talk about coverage of the peace process, discourse focuses more heavily on violence. Authors formulate a model for journalistic coverage of armed conflict by integrating the theoretical concepts used in the study due to the lack of contextual orientation for readers found in the discourse. The authors end their analysis with a proposed agenda for future studies of the Colombia’s armed conflict.

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conflict (49), news (47), discours (38), social (31), coverag (26), arm (25), realiti (20), media (20), journalist (19), analysi (18), construct (17), provid (17), n (17), result (14), use (14), peac (14), studi (14), de (13), societi (13), research (12), group (12),

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news media, colombia, social construction of reality, news discourse
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Association:
Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Obregon, Rafael. and Cura, Marta. "Violence and Peace in the Print Media: News Discourse and Social Construction of Reality in Colombia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111583_index.html>

APA Citation:

Obregon, R. and Cura, M. M. , 2003-05-27 "Violence and Peace in the Print Media: News Discourse and Social Construction of Reality in Colombia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111583_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The authors studied the social construction of reality on violence and peace emerging from coverage of Colombia’s socio-political conflict by the print media. Authors drew on Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality and upon Teun Van Dijk’s discourse analysis. 600 news pieces from newspapers El Tiempo and El Heraldo, corresponding to the first semesters of 1999 and 2000, related to Colombia’s armed conflict were analyzed. A coding form included macro-structure or summary (headings, opening paragraph); microstructure (context, verbal reactions, expectations, conclusions and consequences; and iconography); and the objective social construction of reality, which included tipifications, roles, and sedimentation and traditions.

Results indicate that Colombia’s armed conflict is part of the daily discourse of the country; also, a thinning of the borderline between news genres is found, which has an impact upon the coverage of the conflict. New actors of the conflict emerge in the news discourse, whom are either more visible (i.e., guerrilla groups) or more invisible (civil society), and while there is talk about coverage of the peace process, discourse focuses more heavily on violence. Authors formulate a model for journalistic coverage of armed conflict by integrating the theoretical concepts used in the study due to the lack of contextual orientation for readers found in the discourse. The authors end their analysis with a proposed agenda for future studies of the Colombia’s armed conflict.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 8
Word count: 3784
Text sample:
Violence and Peace in the Print Media: News Discourse and Social Construction of Reality in Colombia1 Introduction This paper analyzes the social construction of reality emerging in the coverage of Colombia’s armed conflict by studying the news discourses of two of the major newspapers in the country. This research sought to answer two questions: 1) What is the social construction of reality emerging through the news structure and objective social construction of messages related to peace and violence in
academic work that could further contribute to the debate and to a better understanding of the role of the media. Four lines of work are proposed for the immediate future: a. To analyze the social construction of reality generated by the media from the audience’s perspective. b. To carry out ethnographic studies that could provide greater understanding of the journalistic routines that lead to a specific social construction of the reality of the conflict. c. To analyze more in-depth


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