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Reflections on the Past, Questions of the Future--Public Service Broadcasting: A Case Study of The Bahamas Broadcasting System,
Unformatted Document Text:  18 During the 1960s the country experienced social and political changes. The racial unrest that began in the 1940s culminated in 1967 with the black majority winning the elections. In 1953, a black majority party, the Progressive Liberal Party, was formed. The PLP won the 1967 and 1968 elections. The PLP governed until 1992 when it was replaced by the Free National Movement (FNM) government. During its first ten years the PLP instituted social, political and economic changes throughout the country. These changes were also reflected in broadcasting. The victory in 1967 was ushered in by two major events. In 1958, there was a general strike against four companies that almost crippled the country. The strike was started by the taxi drivers and maintained by the newly formed unions. The strike was followed four years later in 1962 with universal suffrage, which granted the right to vote for all Bahamians. 44 When the government changed in 1967 to a black majority, some white Bahamians, foreign investors and visitors felt that there would be a radical change in the administration of the country and the people’s attitudes towards whites. They feared animosity and hate. But instead the country and government focused on the development of nationalism. A program of Bahamianization 45 was initiated in the 1970s and remains in effect today. ZNS radio and later television were used to institute the program of Bahamianization. During the 1960s, several changes also took place at ZNS. In August 1962, provisions were made to accommodate the residents of New Providence with alternate radio programming ZNS-2 was created that year and began broadcasting with 250 watts. 46 In 1971 it increased its power to 1,000 watts to reach the Family Islands. The success of the radio station did not go unnoticed by the community. The number of listeners increased significantly. It was the demand for more service in the capital city which led to the new station—ZNS 2. The new station operated on a restricted commercial basis with announcements before and after programs. It offered uninterrupted feature programs, and its programming content was different from ZNS 1.

Authors: Storr, Juliette.
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18
During the 1960s the country experienced social and political changes. The racial unrest
that began in the 1940s culminated in 1967 with the black majority winning the elections. In
1953, a black majority party, the Progressive Liberal Party, was formed. The PLP won the 1967
and 1968 elections. The PLP governed until 1992 when it was replaced by the Free National
Movement (FNM) government.
During its first ten years the PLP instituted social, political and
economic changes throughout the country. These changes were also reflected in broadcasting.
The victory in 1967 was ushered in by two major events. In 1958, there was a general
strike against four companies that almost crippled the country. The strike was started by the taxi
drivers and maintained by the newly formed unions. The strike was followed four years later in
1962 with universal suffrage, which granted the right to vote for all Bahamians.
44
When the
government changed in 1967 to a black majority, some white Bahamians, foreign investors and
visitors felt that there would be a radical change in the administration of the country and the
people’s attitudes towards whites. They feared animosity and hate. But instead the country and
government focused on the development of nationalism. A program of Bahamianization
45
was
initiated in the 1970s and remains in effect today. ZNS radio and later television were used to
institute the program of Bahamianization.
During the 1960s, several changes also took place at ZNS. In August 1962, provisions
were made to accommodate the residents of New Providence with alternate radio programming
ZNS-2 was created that year and began broadcasting with 250 watts.
46
In 1971 it increased its
power to 1,000 watts to reach the Family Islands. The success of the radio station did not go
unnoticed by the community. The number of listeners increased significantly. It was the demand
for more service in the capital city which led to the new station—ZNS 2. The new station
operated on a restricted commercial basis with announcements before and after programs. It
offered uninterrupted feature programs, and its programming content was different from ZNS 1.


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