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Exploring the Boundaries of Heroes, Celebrities and Role Models after 9/11: Lessons from Shanksville

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Abstract:

During the past several decades, a number of scholars and social critics have discussed the growth of celebrity culture within the United States. They note that many people now model their personal lives after celebrities rather than looking to traditional heroes as their role models. The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, might have changed the boundary between celebrities and heroes. A sense of heroism was renewed in the public arena by the courageous acts of many people on that fateful day. In this paper, we assess these changes through a study of visitors to the temporary memorial at the United Airlines Flight 93 crash site in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Results from our study indicate that the many common heroes who emerged in September 11th may now temper the strong influence of celebrities on public beliefs and practices. Implications of this research for the study of social influence are discussed.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

hero (56), celebr (52), p (51), shanksvill (44), identif (41), memori (38), role (38), research (34), peopl (34), media (34), site (33), model (32), 93 (28), flight (28), percent (27), chang (26), lesson (25), respond (24), communic (24), board (23), one (22),

Author's Keywords:

Heroes, Celebrities, Role Models, Identification, Mass Media
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Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Brown, William. and Fraser, Benson. "Exploring the Boundaries of Heroes, Celebrities and Role Models after 9/11: Lessons from Shanksville" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111608_index.html>

APA Citation:

Brown, W. J. and Fraser, B. P. , 2003-05-27 "Exploring the Boundaries of Heroes, Celebrities and Role Models after 9/11: Lessons from Shanksville" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111608_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: During the past several decades, a number of scholars and social critics have discussed the growth of celebrity culture within the United States. They note that many people now model their personal lives after celebrities rather than looking to traditional heroes as their role models. The terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, might have changed the boundary between celebrities and heroes. A sense of heroism was renewed in the public arena by the courageous acts of many people on that fateful day. In this paper, we assess these changes through a study of visitors to the temporary memorial at the United Airlines Flight 93 crash site in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Results from our study indicate that the many common heroes who emerged in September 11th may now temper the strong influence of celebrities on public beliefs and practices. Implications of this research for the study of social influence are discussed.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 22
Word count: 5213
Text sample:
Lessons from Shanksville p. 0 Running head: Lessons from Shanksville Exploring the Boundaries of Heroes Celebrities and Role Models after 9/11: Lessons from Shanksville by William J. Brown School of Communication and the Arts Regent University 1000 Regent University Drive Virginia Beach VA 23464 Tel: 757-226-4216; Fax: 226-4291 email: willbro@regent.edu and Benson P. Fraser School of Communication and the Arts Regent University 1000 Regent University Drive Virginia Beach VA 23464 Tel: 757-226-4216; Fax: 226-4291 email: bensfra@regent.edu October 31 2002
43 68-84. Rosenfeld L. B. (1969). Set theory: Key to understanding of Kenneth Burke’s use of the term “identification.” Western Speech 33 175-183. Sabido M. (1989 March-April). Soap operas in Mexico. Paper presented at the Entertainment for Social Change Conference Los Angeles University of Southern California Annenberg School for Communication. Shefner-Rogers C. L. Rogers E. M. & Singhal A. (1998). Parasocial interaction with the television soap operas ‘Simplemente Maria’ and ‘Oshin.’ Keio Communication Review 20 3-18. Singhal A. Obregon


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