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Exploring the Boundaries of Heroes, Celebrities and Role Models after 9/11: Lessons from Shanksville
Unformatted Document Text:  Lessons from Shanksville p. 8 Shanksville, Pennsylvania field near an old strip-mine. The barren area could not have been more remote, far away from the masses of people attacked in New York and Washington. The only people killed in Shanksville were the 44 passengers and crew on board the plane. Reportedly this plane was taken down by the passengers of Flight 93 as they struggled for control of the aircraft. The news media portrayed the passengers and crew on board UA Flight 93 as heroes. The phrase, “Let’s Roll,” was reported to have been the last words spoken by one of the passengers who confronted the terrorists who had taken over the plane. Many Americans immediately identified with this phrase, which became a national symbol representing the spirit and collective temperament of the American people. Research Questions and Hypotheses In order to assess the influence of media on perceptions of the heroism of the passengers and crew on board UA Flight 93, the following research questions were explored: RQ1: Is news media consumption associated with respondents’ beliefs that the passengers and crew on board UA Flight 93 (not including the terrorists) were heroes? RQ2: Did the 9/11 attacks change people’s thinking about how they role model celebrities and heroes? In this study we also explored reasons why people visited the temporary memorial sites of the terrorist attacks by posing the following research question:

Authors: Brown, William. and Fraser, Benson.
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Lessons from Shanksville
p. 8
Shanksville, Pennsylvania field near an old strip-mine. The barren area could not have
been more remote, far away from the masses of people attacked in New York and
Washington. The only people killed in Shanksville were the 44 passengers and crew on
board the plane.
Reportedly this plane was taken down by the passengers of Flight 93 as they
struggled for control of the aircraft. The news media portrayed the passengers and crew
on board UA Flight 93 as heroes. The phrase, “Let’s Roll,” was reported to have been the
last words spoken by one of the passengers who confronted the terrorists who had taken
over the plane. Many Americans immediately identified with this phrase, which became a
national symbol representing the spirit and collective temperament of the American
people.
Research Questions and Hypotheses
In order to assess the influence of media on perceptions of the heroism of the
passengers and crew on board UA Flight 93, the following research questions were
explored:
RQ1: Is news media consumption associated with respondents’ beliefs that the
passengers and crew on board UA Flight 93 (not including the terrorists) were
heroes?
RQ2: Did the 9/11 attacks change people’s thinking about how they role model
celebrities and heroes?
In this study we also explored reasons why people visited the temporary memorial
sites of the terrorist attacks by posing the following research question:


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