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A Web of Alliances in the Global Telecommunication Industry
Unformatted Document Text:  Global Telecommunication 18 Discussion This paper attempted to describe the contour of the global alliance networks in terms of interorganizational networks in the telecommunication industry. The results of the multiple network analyses revealed that there were significant differences in the positional structures of global telecommunication firms. The detailed description of the results is as follows. First, the results of the centrality analysis for the telecommunication industry revealed that most of the US and UK telecommunication companies were the most central actors, controlling the volume of networking in the interorganizational network. Furthermore, a cluster analysis also showed that the interorganizational network was clustered based on geographical factors. With regard to the formation of blocks in the network, the results of blockmodelling showed that interorganizational structure of the global telecommunication network was divided into several linkage blocks based on relational similarity among telecommunication firms. Overall, the results are consistent with the basic argument of organizational field theory that structural relationships among actors in organizational field can be partitioned into blocks (DiMaggio, 1986). There were a various kinds of groupings based on the similarities in relationship. There were also important country-specific differences. The noticeable point is that Japanese companies had a small number of interorganizational alliances in the telecommunication industry. That is, Japanese companies had unique positions in the global network space, showing that they were spatially localized. In this context, it is reasonable to infer

Authors: Chon, Bum Soo. and Barnett, George.
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Global Telecommunication 18
Discussion
This paper attempted to describe the contour of the global alliance networks in terms of
interorganizational networks in the telecommunication industry. The results of the multiple
network analyses revealed that there were significant differences in the positional structures of
global telecommunication firms. The detailed description of the results is as follows. First, the
results of the centrality analysis for the telecommunication industry revealed that most of the US
and UK telecommunication companies were the most central actors, controlling the volume of
networking in the interorganizational network. Furthermore, a cluster analysis also showed that
the interorganizational network was clustered based on geographical factors.
With regard to the formation of blocks in the network, the results of blockmodelling
showed that interorganizational structure of the global telecommunication network was divided
into several linkage blocks based on relational similarity among telecommunication firms.
Overall, the results are consistent with the basic argument of organizational field theory that
structural relationships among actors in organizational field can be partitioned into blocks
(DiMaggio, 1986). There were a various kinds of groupings based on the similarities in
relationship.
There were also important country-specific differences. The noticeable point is that
Japanese companies had a small number of interorganizational alliances in the
telecommunication industry. That is, Japanese companies had unique positions in the global
network space, showing that they were spatially localized. In this context, it is reasonable to infer


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