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How very young children use gaze avoidance to resist caregiver interventions in their acts of misconduct
Unformatted Document Text:  specifically of her actions to get him to halt what he is doing. In this case, B does not return her gaze, but pulls away from her and flees the scene. Having achieved a sort of default compliance, the caregivers utters after him a final corrective utterance (line 8). In sum, as CASES 7-9 show, caregivers treat children’s lack of a gaze return as constituting a line of resistance, and they seek to gain a child’s return gaze as part of a course of action designed to get their compliance in halting a misconduct activity. Caregivers pursue children’s gaze return in situations of their misconduct because gaze return by a child coincides with their compliance—forced or willing—in the way that it constitutes children, in conjunction with other behaviors, as compliant recipients of caregivers’ actions, as is demonstrated in the following cases. CASE 10: “firetruck” In CASE 10, B1 pushes B2. When the caregiver calls his name, he looks to her and lets his arm drop to his side. When she utters “Gentle please”, he maintains his compliant posture, as he continues to gaze toward her: CASE 10 “firetruck” B1: pushes B2 CG: Derrick? B1: looks up at CG, lets hand fall back to his side CG: Gentle please. B2 walks away, B1 continues to look up at CG for a moment; she appears to have gone back to preparing food

Authors: Kidwell, Mardi.
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specifically of her actions to get him to halt what he is doing. In this case, B does not return her gaze, but
pulls away from her and flees the scene. Having achieved a sort of default compliance, the caregivers utters
after him a final corrective utterance (line 8).
In sum, as CASES 7-9 show, caregivers treat children’s lack of a gaze return as constituting a line of
resistance, and they seek to gain a child’s return gaze as part of a course of action designed to get their
compliance in halting a misconduct activity.
Caregivers pursue children’s gaze return in situations of their misconduct because gaze return by a child
coincides with their compliance—forced or willing—in the way that it constitutes children, in conjunction
with other behaviors, as compliant recipients of caregivers’ actions, as is demonstrated in the following
cases.
CASE 10: “firetruck”
In CASE 10, B1 pushes B2. When the caregiver calls his name, he looks to her and lets his arm drop to
his side. When she utters “Gentle please”, he maintains his compliant posture, as he continues to gaze
toward her:
CASE 10 “firetruck”
B1: pushes B2
CG: Derrick?
B1: looks up at CG, lets hand fall back to his side
CG: Gentle please.
B2 walks away, B1 continues to look up at CG for a moment; she appears to have gone back to preparing
food


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