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How very young children use gaze avoidance to resist caregiver interventions in their acts of misconduct
Unformatted Document Text:  III COMPLIANCE SEEKING SEQUENCES ARE OFTEN COMPOSED OF MULTIPLE ACTIONS As the prior cases show, children may not be (and often are not) immediately compliant with caregivers’ efforts to get them to halt a line of misconduct; moreover, they may also resume the misconduct when the caregiver shifts her attention from them to other matters. Caregivers’ orientation to this “fact” of dealing with children—i.e., to the possible instability of compliance by children—is visible in the overall design of their interventions. I discuss next the sort of moves caregivers employ to secure compliance both initially and longer term. “CORRECTIVES” In CASES 5 and 6, caregivers follow calling a child’s name with a class of actions that, generally speaking, may be termed, “correctives”. These include a wide variety of action types which in some way are aimed at providing for current and future “correct”—i.e. compliant-- courses of action by the child. These sorts of actions include: 1) negative characterizations of the child’s conduct, or the situation: e.g., “That’s not okay”. 2) statements about a proper state of affairs (in contrast to the child’s conduct): e.g., “That’s Katherine’s” ( statements about possession are especially common) 3) prohibitions: e.g., “Don’t bite”. 4) directives: e.g., “Give her something to play with”. The placement of correctives is made relative to compliance by the child, or what is taken as actions that are moving toward compliance. For instance, when the child turns and looks to the caregiver

Authors: Kidwell, Mardi.
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III COMPLIANCE SEEKING SEQUENCES ARE OFTEN COMPOSED OF MULTIPLE
ACTIONS
As the prior cases show, children may not be (and often are not) immediately compliant with
caregivers’ efforts to get them to halt a line of misconduct; moreover, they may also resume the misconduct
when the caregiver shifts her attention from them to other matters. Caregivers’ orientation to this “fact” of
dealing with children—i.e., to the possible instability of compliance by children—is visible in the overall
design of their interventions. I discuss next the sort of moves caregivers employ to secure compliance both
initially and longer term.
“CORRECTIVES”
In CASES 5 and 6, caregivers follow calling a child’s name with a class of actions that, generally
speaking, may be termed, “correctives”. These include a wide variety of action types which in some way
are aimed at providing for current and future “correct”—i.e. compliant-- courses of action by the child.
These sorts of actions include:
1) negative characterizations of the child’s conduct, or the situation: e.g., “That’s not okay”.
2) statements about a proper state of affairs (in contrast to the child’s conduct): e.g., “That’s Katherine’s”
( statements about possession are especially common)
3) prohibitions: e.g., “Don’t bite”.
4) directives: e.g., “Give her something to play with”.
The placement of correctives is made relative to compliance by the child, or what is taken as
actions that are moving toward compliance. For instance, when the child turns and looks to the caregiver


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