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How very young children use gaze avoidance to resist caregiver interventions in their acts of misconduct
Unformatted Document Text:  to physically intervene (line 5). B1, for his part, further constitutes his non-compliance by moving away from her (line 6): CASE 7: “shark” 1 B1: grabs onto toy shark that B2 is holding 2 B2: Ah ahh a[h-- ((creaky protest cry; not very loud)) 3 CG: [Ro[bert! 4 B1: [looks up at CG, still holding onto shark 5 CG: [He’s playing right now [rises up on knees and begins moving toward B1[ 6 B1: [moves away from CG, still gazing at her, still holding onto shark ((several lines deleted)) As the situation in CASE 7 continues, the caregiver continues to attempt to get hold of the object, calling B1’s name as she does this (line 11). B1 is “flying” the object around in the air while backing away from the caregiver and he refuses to look at her, as well as to stop what he is doing. The caregiver calls his name again, and he continues to back away, still not looking at her as he flies the shark around (line 13). Finally, she is able to get a hold of his hand, at which point, she utters an upgraded claim on this attention, a summons (Schegloff, 1968) of “excuse me” (line 16). Even at this point, B1 still does not look at her, and she pulls him close to her and attempts to bring her eyes into his line of vision. As she is pulling the object from his hand—i.e., as she is getting him to comply—he looks at her, and she issues the corrective utterance as she looks into his eyes (line 18). Her success in getting the object from his is met with a loud cry of protest (line 18).

Authors: Kidwell, Mardi.
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to physically intervene (line 5). B1, for his part, further constitutes his non-compliance by moving away
from her (line 6):
CASE 7: “shark”
1
B1: grabs onto toy shark that B2 is holding
2
B2: Ah ahh a[h-- ((creaky protest cry; not very loud))
3
CG: [Ro[bert!
4
B1:
[looks up at CG, still holding onto shark
5
CG: [He’s playing right now
[rises up on knees and begins moving toward B1[
6
B1:
[moves away from CG, still gazing at her, still
holding onto shark
((several lines deleted))
As the situation in CASE 7 continues, the caregiver continues to attempt to get hold of the object,
calling B1’s name as she does this (line 11). B1 is “flying” the object around in the air while backing away
from the caregiver and he refuses to look at her, as well as to stop what he is doing. The caregiver calls his
name again, and he continues to back away, still not looking at her as he flies the shark around (line 13).
Finally, she is able to get a hold of his hand, at which point, she utters an upgraded claim on this attention, a
summons (Schegloff, 1968) of “excuse me” (line 16). Even at this point, B1 still does not look at her, and
she pulls him close to her and attempts to bring her eyes into his line of vision. As she is pulling the object
from his hand—i.e., as she is getting him to comply—he looks at her, and she issues the corrective utterance
as she looks into his eyes (line 18). Her success in getting the object from his is met with a loud cry of
protest (line 18).


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