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Religion, Communication, and Social Capital
Unformatted Document Text:  Religion, Communication, and Social Capital --20-- As Figure 1 and Table 2 indicate, in a direct relationship, those respondents that hold to more literal interpretations of the Bible are less likely to engage in political discussions with a diversity of others, less likely to read the newspaper, and have lower levels of public affairs knowledge. These direct relationships further undermine social capital through various indirect negative relationships. In terms of these indirect effects, individuals that hold to more extreme biblical interpretations are less efficacious about politics, less trusting of others, and less trusting of government. Denominational Effects This research question was specific to how the denominational affiliations of evangelical Protestant and white mainline Protestant link to social and political trust. Our findings indicate that while evangelicals are much more likely to attend church, hold to literal interpretations of the Bible, and participate in church-based political discussions, membership is this denomination is directly and negatively linked to political knowledge, and are both directly and indirectly negatively linked to political efficacy. As an indirect result, evangelicals exhibit lower levels of social trust. Although evangelicals are positively and directly linked to newspaper reading, their higher levels of biblical belief leads them turn away from newspaper use. This results in a non- significant total relationship with newspaper reading. White mainline Protestants, on the other hand, appear to participate in a much less politically-charged church context than evangelicals, as mainline Protestants are negatively related to church-based political discussions. Moreover, in comparison to evangelicals, mainline Protestants attend church less frequently, and hold to lower levels of biblical interpretation. Mainline Protestants are positively linked to secular discussion networks, and therefore indirectly and positively linked to discussion diversity. With lower levels of biblical faith, the

Authors: Nisbet, Matthew., Moy, Patricia. and Scheufele, Dietram.
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Religion, Communication, and Social Capital
--20--
As Figure 1 and Table 2 indicate, in a direct relationship, those respondents that hold to
more literal interpretations of the Bible are less likely to engage in political discussions with a
diversity of others, less likely to read the newspaper, and have lower levels of public affairs
knowledge. These direct relationships further undermine social capital through various indirect
negative relationships. In terms of these indirect effects, individuals that hold to more extreme
biblical interpretations are less efficacious about politics, less trusting of others, and less trusting
of government.
Denominational Effects
This research question was specific to how the denominational affiliations of evangelical
Protestant and white mainline Protestant link to social and political trust. Our findings indicate
that while evangelicals are much more likely to attend church, hold to literal interpretations of
the Bible, and participate in church-based political discussions, membership is this denomination
is directly and negatively linked to political knowledge, and are both directly and indirectly
negatively linked to political efficacy. As an indirect result, evangelicals exhibit lower levels of
social trust. Although evangelicals are positively and directly linked to newspaper reading, their
higher levels of biblical belief leads them turn away from newspaper use. This results in a non-
significant total relationship with newspaper reading.
White mainline Protestants, on the other hand, appear to participate in a much less
politically-charged church context than evangelicals, as mainline Protestants are negatively
related to church-based political discussions. Moreover, in comparison to evangelicals, mainline
Protestants attend church less frequently, and hold to lower levels of biblical interpretation.
Mainline Protestants are positively linked to secular discussion networks, and therefore
indirectly and positively linked to discussion diversity. With lower levels of biblical faith, the


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