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Bridging Offline and Online Community: Toward A Networked Community Communication Model
Unformatted Document Text:  Bridging Offline and Online Community G YW power. In general, the decisive difference between research on community power structures mainly depends on how researchers define the concept of “power”(or “power elite” and “power structure”). 10 Knoke’s (1990) critical review of community power studies also reflects this vantage described above although he does not discuss the Marxists’ viewpoint about power and power structure (pp. 119-123). For instance, in terms of pluralistic perspective, “power can be broadly dispersed among many competing political groups that resolved controversies by negotiation, accommodation, and compromise (Knoke, 1990, p. 119). In contrast to this perspective, elite theorists define power as centralized among small influential political groups. However, Knoke (1990) proposes a variety of alternative frameworks explaining community power structures with multiple dimensions among power elites and power structures instead of simple pluralistic (for example, Dahl’s study) or –elite (for example, Hunter’s study) versions of the dichotomy. Alternative frameworks beyond pluralistic and monolithic perspectives are as follows: 1) a human ecology paradigm focusing on large-scale comparative urban analysis (Knoke, 1990, pp. 124-126), 2) networks of community power focusing on “the internal structure of relationships among community leaders, eventually coming to a reconceptualization of the basis of community power as inter-organizational networks” (pp. 126-128), 3) networks of community affairs focusing on the collective action among resources, events, and actors (pp. 128-139) and 4) a patron-client system paying attention to the power structure and relations between local power elites and community citizens (pp. 139-146). In this context, it is necessary to consider the relationship between community power structure and the news media, because the press intermediates between power structure, power elites and the public. By analyzing both the community power structure-local news media relationship and community power elite -local journalist relationship, we can understand the feminized. 10 Lukes (1974) proposed three models of power: a one-dimensional model of manifest and observable power, a two-dimensional model of latent but still behaviorist power, and a three-dimensional view of latent and ideological power.

Authors: Nah, Seungahn.
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Bridging Offline and Online Community
G
YW
power. In general, the decisive difference between research on community power structures
mainly depends on how researchers define the concept of “power”(or “power elite” and “power
structure”).
10
Knoke’s (1990) critical review of community power studies also reflects this
vantage described above although he does not discuss the Marxists’ viewpoint about power and
power structure (pp. 119-123). For instance, in terms of pluralistic perspective, “power can
be broadly dispersed among many competing political groups that resolved controversies by
negotiation, accommodation, and compromise (Knoke, 1990, p. 119). In contrast to this
perspective, elite theorists define power as centralized among small influential political groups.
However, Knoke (1990) proposes a variety of alternative frameworks explaining
community power structures with multiple dimensions among power elites and power
structures instead of simple pluralistic (for example, Dahl’s study) or –elite (for example,
Hunter’s study) versions of the dichotomy. Alternative frameworks beyond pluralistic and
monolithic perspectives are as follows: 1) a human ecology paradigm focusing on large-scale
comparative urban analysis (Knoke, 1990, pp. 124-126), 2) networks of community power
focusing on “the internal structure of relationships among community leaders, eventually
coming to a reconceptualization of the basis of community power as inter-organizational
networks” (pp. 126-128), 3) networks of community affairs focusing on the collective action
among resources, events, and actors (pp. 128-139) and 4) a patron-client system paying
attention to the power structure and relations between local power elites and community
citizens (pp. 139-146).
In this context, it is necessary to consider the relationship between community power
structure and the news media, because the press intermediates between power structure, power
elites and the public. By analyzing both the community power structure-local news media
relationship and community power elite -local journalist relationship, we can understand the
feminized.
10
Lukes (1974) proposed three models of power: a one-dimensional model of manifest and
observable power, a two-dimensional model of latent but still behaviorist power, and a three-
dimensional view of latent and ideological power.


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