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Human Smiles: Expression of Emotion or Communication Gesture?
Unformatted Document Text:  Kurylo & Frank Smiles and Communication 13 Videotape Stimulus The videotape stimulus ran for 11 minutes (min), 15 seconds (sec) and contained five humorous segments obtained from the Rowan Atkinson comedy program Mr. Bean. The segments featured: a) a soiled diaper flying through the air and landing on people at a fair (2 min, 12 sec), b) Mr. Bean preparing himself to sit for an exam (1 min, 56 sec), c) Mr. Bean falling asleep in church (2 min, 12 sec), d) Mr. Bean going shopping (2 min, 41 sec) and e) Mr. Bean preparing himself to meet the Queen (2 min, 6 sec). These segments were edited together to maximize the humor in the videotape stimulus in the shortest time period allowable by the natural flow of the humorous segments. Because the video contained canned laughter, the volume was turned off while the participants viewed the videotape because canned laughter could have had the undesired effect of giving the impression of the presence of other interactants. In fact, canned laughter when accompanying cartoons has previously been found to increase the mirth of individuals (Cupchik & Leventhal, 1974) and, thus, the canned laughter might have influenced participant’s expressions of enjoyment and self-report of happiness in unknown ways. Procedure Participants were seated in a soundproofed room, 2 m in front of a color television screen. On the wall behind the television was a one-way mirror behind which the video recording equipment was located. Though the video equipment was not visible to participants, questions raised during debriefing indicate that approximately half of the participants guessed that they were being observed from behind the mirror because the mere presence of the mirror had no apparent purpose for the task or the room except as a

Authors: Kurylo, Anastacia. and Frank, Mark.
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Kurylo & Frank
Smiles and Communication
13
Videotape Stimulus
The videotape stimulus ran for 11 minutes (min), 15 seconds (sec) and contained
five humorous segments obtained from the Rowan Atkinson comedy program Mr. Bean.
The segments featured: a) a soiled diaper flying through the air and landing on people at a
fair (2 min, 12 sec), b) Mr. Bean preparing himself to sit for an exam (1 min, 56 sec), c)
Mr. Bean falling asleep in church (2 min, 12 sec), d) Mr. Bean going shopping (2 min, 41
sec) and e) Mr. Bean preparing himself to meet the Queen (2 min, 6 sec). These segments
were edited together to maximize the humor in the videotape stimulus in the shortest time
period allowable by the natural flow of the humorous segments.
Because the video contained canned laughter, the volume was turned off while the
participants viewed the videotape because canned laughter could have had the undesired
effect of giving the impression of the presence of other interactants. In fact, canned
laughter when accompanying cartoons has previously been found to increase the mirth of
individuals (Cupchik & Leventhal, 1974) and, thus, the canned laughter might have
influenced participant’s expressions of enjoyment and self-report of happiness in
unknown ways.
Procedure
Participants were seated in a soundproofed room, 2 m in front of a color television
screen. On the wall behind the television was a one-way mirror behind which the video
recording equipment was located. Though the video equipment was not visible to
participants, questions raised during debriefing indicate that approximately half of the
participants guessed that they were being observed from behind the mirror because the
mere presence of the mirror had no apparent purpose for the task or the room except as a


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