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Effective Computer-mediated Communication Using Hypertext: Introducing Expanding Hypertext--Are They Adventurous?
Unformatted Document Text:  Effective Computer-mediated Communication Using Hypertext 6 One of the major concerns in developing effective computer-mediated communication materials is in discerning how to structure hypertext to maximize the interest of users. For this reason, several suggestions were made. A problem with this approach is that considerable effort has been put within the traditional media framework without understanding the characteristics and potentials of this newer medium. The fact that hypertext has the capacity to serve each reader s needs calls for a new conceptual framework. It is no longer necessary to find the structure or system that maximizes learning for a collective majority. New technologies now enable us to identify and utilize more specific interactions among different hypertext formats and individual characteristics. Hypertext Structure Because of the flexibility of hypertext and its potential to serve users individually, the relationship between different hypertext structures and users’ learning experiences were studied, but, the results of these studies have been somewhat inconclusive (Shin, Schallert, & Savenye, 1994). It has been determined that the structure of content in a hypertext system does in fact alter learning outcomes (Shapiro, 1998). A central focus has been put on nonlinearity or the networking of information units. Conklin (1987) defined the essence of hypertext as the structure of links being a medium of thinking and communication for users. These links allow multiple paths for the exploration of materials (Newmarch, 1998). Hypertext's flexibility allows nodes and links to be arranged in a variety of information structures (McDonald, 1998). The design of hypertext materials always involves this link issue: Decisions about how nodes or links should be interconnected must be made and these decisions generate different types of hypertext structures. The most frequently tested structures are hierarchical and network structures (Pohl, 1998). Hierarchical structures connect nodes (excerpts or documents) in a hierarchical order in which a node at one level can be accessed only from nodes directly above or below it while

Authors: Lee, Moon.
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Effective Computer-mediated Communication Using Hypertext
6
One of the major concerns in developing effective computer-mediated communication
materials is in discerning how to structure hypertext to maximize the interest of users. For
this reason, several suggestions were made. A problem with this approach is that considerable
effort has been put within the traditional media framework without understanding the
characteristics and potentials of this newer medium. The fact that hypertext has the capacity
to serve each reader
s needs calls for a new conceptual framework. It is no longer necessary
to find the structure or system that maximizes learning for a collective majority. New
technologies now enable us to identify and utilize more specific interactions among different
hypertext formats and individual characteristics.
Hypertext Structure
Because of the flexibility of hypertext and its potential to serve users individually, the
relationship between different hypertext structures and users’ learning experiences were
studied, but, the results of these studies have been somewhat inconclusive (Shin, Schallert, &
Savenye, 1994). It has been determined that the structure of content in a hypertext system
does in fact alter learning outcomes (Shapiro, 1998). A central focus has been put on
nonlinearity or the networking of information units. Conklin (1987) defined the essence of
hypertext as the structure of links being a medium of thinking and communication for users.
These links allow multiple paths for the exploration of materials (Newmarch, 1998).
Hypertext's flexibility allows nodes and links to be arranged in a variety of
information structures (McDonald, 1998). The design of hypertext materials always involves
this link issue: Decisions about how nodes or links should be interconnected must be made
and these decisions generate different types of hypertext structures.
The most frequently tested structures are hierarchical and network structures (Pohl,
1998). Hierarchical structures connect nodes (excerpts or documents) in a hierarchical order
in which a node at one level can be accessed only from nodes directly above or below it while


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