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Functionalism Revisited: A practice based Functionalism

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Abstract:

This paper reviews theoretical works in three approaches in organizational research: (1) rationalized individual model (Transaction Cost Economics and Principal Agent Theory), (2) structuralism/functionalism model (Resource Dependence Theory and Institutional Theory), and (3) structurational model (Granovetter’s Social Embeddedness Model and Giddens’ Structuration Theory). Reviewing the last approach in depth, this paper points out that it has been recognized as an important guideline for studying organizational phenomena even in two other approaches, which resulted in an emphasis on individual actions over structural forces. However, the concepts found in Giddens’ Theory of Structuration – regularity, ontological security, deep lying mode of tension management, etc. – suggest that the first two approaches are not incompatible with the structurational approach. This paper argues that (1) once sui-generis characteristics of functionalism and structuralism are discarded, and (2) the fact that regularities (structural forces and functional characteristics) found in organizational studies are based upon organizations’ actions in a specific organizational and economic institution is acknowledged, functionalism and structuralism might enhance the structurational approach.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

social (176), structur (165), organiz (113), econom (112), action (107), individu (106), organ (102), relat (99), approach (73), function (71), regular (69), gidden (64), theori (63), also (58), network (58), firm (49), behavior (48), point (47), revisit (46), influenc (45), argu (44),

Author's Keywords:

Organizational Research, Structionalism, Functionalism, Theroy of Structuration, Practice, Agent,
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Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Kim, Hyo. "Functionalism Revisited: A practice based Functionalism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111679_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kim, H. D. , 2003-05-27 "Functionalism Revisited: A practice based Functionalism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111679_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper reviews theoretical works in three approaches in organizational research: (1) rationalized individual model (Transaction Cost Economics and Principal Agent Theory), (2) structuralism/functionalism model (Resource Dependence Theory and Institutional Theory), and (3) structurational model (Granovetter’s Social Embeddedness Model and Giddens’ Structuration Theory). Reviewing the last approach in depth, this paper points out that it has been recognized as an important guideline for studying organizational phenomena even in two other approaches, which resulted in an emphasis on individual actions over structural forces. However, the concepts found in Giddens’ Theory of Structuration – regularity, ontological security, deep lying mode of tension management, etc. – suggest that the first two approaches are not incompatible with the structurational approach. This paper argues that (1) once sui-generis characteristics of functionalism and structuralism are discarded, and (2) the fact that regularities (structural forces and functional characteristics) found in organizational studies are based upon organizations’ actions in a specific organizational and economic institution is acknowledged, functionalism and structuralism might enhance the structurational approach.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 42
Word count: 14874
Text sample:
Functionalism Revisited 1 Running head: FUNCTIONALISM REVISITED Abstract This paper reviews theoretical works in three approaches in organizational research: (1) rationalized individual model (Transaction Cost Economics and Principal Agent Theory) (2) structuralism/functionalism model (Resource Dependence Theory and Institutional Theory) and (3) structurational model (Granovetter’s Social Embeddedness Model and Giddens’ Structuration Theory). Reviewing the last approach in depth this paper points out that it has been recognized as an important guideline for studying organizational phenomena even in two other approaches
Functionalism Revisited 42 Figure 2 *c Structural properties: rules & *b ind . ind *a ind ind ind . ind Social Social in in in Social System time


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