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Effects of Parental Attachment Style and Parental Expectations on Family Conflict in Families with Adolescents
Unformatted Document Text:  Attachment and Family Influence on Adolescence 17 Interest in expectations can lead research in more than one direction. Unlike Freedman- Doan et al.’s (1993) work that focused on affective expectation, others have studied behavioral or developmental expectations. These studies suggest that adolescents have earlier timetables than parents for achieving independence in tasks (Dekovíc, Noom, & Meeus, (1997). Though agreeing on the sequence of developmental tasks, parents and adolescents differ on the timing for autonomy. Discrepancies in expectation can lead to increased conflict for dyads at different ages, with father-adolescent at its peak during middle adolescence and mother-adolescent conflict higher during early adolescence. Thus, both mothers and fathers may have difficulty with autonomy, but not necessarily at the same time or about the same issues. Traditionally, as seen from this review of adolescent literature, much research has focused on the adolescent factors that contribute to increased storm and stress of family interactions during adolescence. Certainly, this does not present the full picture. People in relationships, by definition, influence and are influenced by others one another reciprocally. Past research has examined many of the factors associated with adolescent behaviors and attitudes during this time. Some work has also considered family interactions and attachment style. In this large body of literature, however, there is relatively little research from the perspective of parental behaviors, attitudes, expectations, and attachment style. With this in mind, the following hypothesis and research questions are suggested: H1: The attachment style of parents affects the level of conflict experienced within the family during the adolescent stage. RQ1: Is there a relationship between parental separation anxiety and level of family conflict?

Authors: Allen, Donna. and Rangarajan, Sripriya.
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Attachment and Family Influence on Adolescence 17
Interest in expectations can lead research in more than one direction. Unlike Freedman-
Doan et al.’s (1993) work that focused on affective expectation, others have studied behavioral
or developmental expectations. These studies suggest that adolescents have earlier timetables
than parents for achieving independence in tasks (Dekovíc, Noom, & Meeus, (1997). Though
agreeing on the sequence of developmental tasks, parents and adolescents differ on the timing for
autonomy. Discrepancies in expectation can lead to increased conflict for dyads at different ages,
with father-adolescent at its peak during middle adolescence and mother-adolescent conflict
higher during early adolescence. Thus, both mothers and fathers may have difficulty with
autonomy, but not necessarily at the same time or about the same issues.
Traditionally, as seen from this review of adolescent literature, much research has
focused on the adolescent factors that contribute to increased storm and stress of family
interactions during adolescence. Certainly, this does not present the full picture. People in
relationships, by definition, influence and are influenced by others one another reciprocally. Past
research has examined many of the factors associated with adolescent behaviors and attitudes
during this time. Some work has also considered family interactions and attachment style. In this
large body of literature, however, there is relatively little research from the perspective of
parental behaviors, attitudes, expectations, and attachment style.
With this in mind, the following hypothesis and research questions are suggested:
H1: The attachment style of parents affects the level of conflict experienced within the
family during the adolescent stage.
RQ1: Is there a relationship between parental separation anxiety and level of family
conflict?


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