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Violent Media Content: A Cross-Media, Longitundinal Analysis
Unformatted Document Text:  38 Stepp, C.S. (1998). The fallout from too much crime coverage. American Journalism Review, 20(3), 55. Williams, P., & Dickinson, J. (1993). Fear of crime: Read all about it? The relationship between newspaper crime reporting and fear of crime. British Journal of Criminology, 33(1), 33-56. Notes 1 Dorfman and colleagues defined a violent story as one that “portrayed, described, or involved any deliberate act of physical force or use of a weapon in an attempt to achieve a goal, further a cause, stop the action of another, act out an angry impulse, defend onself from attack, secure some material gain, or merely intimidate others; any deliberate use of the threat of such physical force; any armed crime, regardless of whether injury resulted; or an individual, community, or organizational response to such crimes” (Dorfman & Woodruff, 1998, p. 83). 2 Since the 42 days of Fox primetime programs that were sampled contained 68 violent themes, such themes occurred at a rate of 1.62 per day on this network. We can predict that the 24 fewer days sampled from Fox would contain an average of 1.62 themes per day, which would result in 38.86 more violent themes. Adding this number to the 68 that we did find for Fox (in order to extend the time period to match that used for the other networks), we would project that Fox primetime programs would contain approximately 107.86 violent themes, which actually makes this network more violent than the others. 3 Since the 30 days of Los Angeles Times that were sampled contained 22 violent acts, such acts occurred at a rate of .73 per day in this newspaper. We can predict that the 54 fewer days sampled from this newspaper would contain an average of .73 acts per day, which would result in 39.6 more violent acts. Adding this number to the 22 that we did find for the Los Angeles Times (in order to extend the time period to match that used for the other newspapers), we would project that it would contain approximately 61.6 violent acts, which is slightly higher than the other newspapers. 4 Since the 40 days of ABC news that were sampled contained 56 violent acts, such acts occurred at a rate of 1.4 per day in this newscast. We can predict that the 10 fewer days sampled from this newscast would contain an average of 1.4 acts per day, which would result in 14 more violent acts. Adding this number to the 56 that we did find for ABC news (in order to extend the time period to match that used for the other newscasts), we

Authors: Scharrer, Erica.
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38
Stepp, C.S. (1998). The fallout from too much crime coverage. American
Journalism Review, 20(3), 55.

Williams, P., & Dickinson, J. (1993). Fear of crime: Read all about it? The
relationship between newspaper crime reporting and fear of crime. British Journal of
Criminology, 33
(1), 33-56.
Notes
1
Dorfman and colleagues defined a violent story as one that “portrayed, described, or
involved any deliberate act of physical force or use of a weapon in an attempt to achieve
a goal, further a cause, stop the action of another, act out an angry impulse, defend onself
from attack, secure some material gain, or merely intimidate others; any deliberate use of
the threat of such physical force; any armed crime, regardless of whether injury resulted;
or an individual, community, or organizational response to such crimes” (Dorfman &
Woodruff, 1998, p. 83).
2
Since the 42 days of Fox primetime programs that were sampled contained 68 violent
themes, such themes occurred at a rate of 1.62 per day on this network. We can predict
that the 24 fewer days sampled from Fox would contain an average of 1.62 themes per
day, which would result in 38.86 more violent themes. Adding this number to the 68 that
we did find for Fox (in order to extend the time period to match that used for the other
networks), we would project that Fox primetime programs would contain approximately
107.86 violent themes, which actually makes this network more violent than the others.
3
Since the 30 days of Los Angeles Times that were sampled contained 22 violent acts,
such acts occurred at a rate of .73 per day in this newspaper. We can predict that the 54
fewer days sampled from this newspaper would contain an average of .73 acts per day,
which would result in 39.6 more violent acts. Adding this number to the 22 that we did
find for the Los Angeles Times (in order to extend the time period to match that used for
the other newspapers), we would project that it would contain approximately 61.6 violent
acts, which is slightly higher than the other newspapers.
4
Since the 40 days of ABC news that were sampled contained 56 violent acts, such acts
occurred at a rate of 1.4 per day in this newscast. We can predict that the 10 fewer days
sampled from this newscast would contain an average of 1.4 acts per day, which would
result in 14 more violent acts. Adding this number to the 56 that we did find for ABC
news (in order to extend the time period to match that used for the other newscasts), we


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