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Exploration of instructional communication environment: Mediated communication and communication apprehension
Unformatted Document Text:  Mediated instructional communication 11 I often visit office hours of my instructor(s). .9% 4.8% 15.0% 33.0% 27.8% 18.5% Missing strongly agree agree neutral disagree strongly disagree In terms of gender, female students tended to communicate with their instructors outside of the class more frequently than male students via email (M = 3.56, SD = 1.00 for female, M = 3.31, SD = 1.05 for male), before or after class (M = 2.71, SD = .95 for female, M = 2.63, SD = 1.06 for male), and office hours (M = 2.66, SD = 1.13 for female, M = 2.47, SD = 1.04 for male), but the differences were not significant. Communication apprehension. From the entire sample, mean score for a total oral communication apprehension was 67.36 (SD = 17.04), and mean score for the total writing apprehension was 67.62 (SD = 17.38). Male students exhibited a slightly higher apprehension for both oral (M = 68.53, SD = 14.64) and writing (M = 69.44, SD = 16.64) than female students (M = 66.72, SD = 18.23 for oral, M = 66.63. SD = 17.75 for writing). This trend supports the original finding by Daly and Miller (1975) that male students had higher writing apprehension than female students, but this particular sample did not show the difference to be significant. Figure 2 shows the relationship between oral communication apprehension and writing apprehension of the entire sample. Oral communication apprehension and

Authors: Sugiyama, Satomi.
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Mediated instructional communication 11
I often visit office hours of my instructor(s).
.9%
4.8%
15.0%
33.0%
27.8%
18.5%
Missing
strongly agree
agree
neutral
disagree
strongly disagree
In terms of gender, female students tended to communicate with their instructors
outside of the class more frequently than male students via email (M = 3.56, SD = 1.00
for female, M = 3.31, SD = 1.05 for male), before or after class (M = 2.71, SD = .95 for
female, M = 2.63, SD = 1.06 for male), and office hours (M = 2.66, SD = 1.13 for female,
M = 2.47, SD = 1.04 for male), but the differences were not significant.
Communication apprehension. From the entire sample, mean score for a total oral
communication apprehension was 67.36 (SD = 17.04), and mean score for the total
writing apprehension was 67.62 (SD = 17.38). Male students exhibited a slightly higher
apprehension for both oral (M = 68.53, SD = 14.64) and writing (M = 69.44, SD = 16.64)
than female students (M = 66.72, SD = 18.23 for oral, M = 66.63. SD = 17.75 for
writing). This trend supports the original finding by Daly and Miller (1975) that male
students had higher writing apprehension than female students, but this particular sample
did not show the difference to be significant.
Figure 2 shows the relationship between oral communication apprehension and
writing apprehension of the entire sample. Oral communication apprehension and


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