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Young migrants in the borderlands: femicide in Cd. Juárez and the state discourse and initiatives on female working class, brown citizens in the border.
Unformatted Document Text:  10 political and social repercussions in the El Paso-Cd. Juárez, particularly regarding violence among those involved in such activity. The Maquiladora industry in the everyday life of fronterizos The maquiladora industry has been the driving force of the process of industrialization in Cd. Juárez. The maquiladora industry follows the dynamics of international production networks. The development of the maquiladora in Juárez has gone through different periods that are closely connected with the peso devaluations, economic recession in the U.S. economy, and in general, the changes in the world economy. The maquiladora industry was established in Mexico in the 1960s after the end of the Bracero Program and as part of the Border Industrialization Program (Prieto, 1996). The growth of this industry started until the mid 70s. The maquiladora industry allows 100 percent foreign ownership and provides incentives to attract foreign-owned manufacturing. The maquiladoras were first located along the U.S.-Mexico borderlands and more recently throughout all Mexico. In the early to mid-1990s, there were approximately 2,000 maquiladoras with 500,000 workers with major concentration in the cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez (Prieto, 1996). In just a few years, the number of plants has almost doubled and the number of workers increased more than two fold. maquiladoras primarily produce electronic equipment, clothing, plastics, furniture, appliances, and auto parts. Approximately 80 % of goods produced in Mexico are shipped to the United States . Sonia Torres explains some of the contradictions of the global economy that are taking place Cd. Juárez and that working class is experiencing, “In the United States, almost everybody has a TV manufactured in Juárez. The irony is that you have a population who lacks hospitals, secondary schools, and three computers are being produced every minutes in the maquiladoras of Juárez. In in Juárez we have been deceived in Juárez. Everybody understands that employment is equal

Authors: Chew, Martha. and Prieto, Leonel.
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political and social repercussions in the El Paso-Cd. Juárez, particularly regarding
violence among those involved in such activity.
The Maquiladora industry in the everyday life of fronterizos
The maquiladora industry has been the driving force of the process of
industrialization in Cd. Juárez. The maquiladora industry follows the dynamics of
international production networks. The development of the maquiladora in Juárez has
gone through different periods that are closely connected with the peso devaluations,
economic recession in the U.S. economy, and in general, the changes in the world
economy.
The maquiladora industry was established in Mexico in the 1960s after the end
of the Bracero Program and as part of the Border Industrialization Program (Prieto,
1996). The growth of this industry started until the mid 70s. The maquiladora industry
allows 100 percent foreign ownership and provides incentives to attract foreign-owned
manufacturing. The maquiladoras were first located along the U.S.-Mexico borderlands
and more recently throughout all Mexico. In the early to mid-1990s, there were
approximately 2,000 maquiladoras with 500,000 workers with major concentration in the
cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez (Prieto, 1996). In just a few years, the number of
plants has almost doubled and the number of workers increased more than two fold.
maquiladoras primarily produce electronic equipment, clothing, plastics, furniture,
appliances, and auto parts. Approximately 80 % of goods produced in Mexico are
shipped to the United States
.
Sonia Torres explains some of the contradictions of the
global economy that are taking place Cd. Juárez and that working class is experiencing,
“In the United States, almost everybody has a TV manufactured in
Juárez. The irony is that you have a population who lacks hospitals,
secondary schools, and three computers are being produced every
minutes in the maquiladoras of Juárez. In in Juárez we have been
deceived in Juárez. Everybody understands that employment is equal


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