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Young migrants in the borderlands: femicide in Cd. Juárez and the state discourse and initiatives on female working class, brown citizens in the border.
Unformatted Document Text:  4 Approximately 325 young women have been murdered in Cd. Juárez since 1993. In order to place the current femicide that is taking place in Cd. Juarez context it is necessary to provide a brief review of some key pieces of literature, in particular those concerned with power, control and masculinity/ies (Bourdieu, 2001). On the first issue, the concept of control has been a feature of considerable research into violent interpersonal crimes, particularly where the offender is a male and the victim female. For example, many researchers who have studied domestic violence, or instances where males kill a female partner, have observed that men often act violently in order to control the activities of wives or cohabitants (Dobash & Dobash, 1979). In these accounts, violence against women is explained by reference to the sexual inequality of females and patriarchal systems of control and domination. According to Radford (1992), the killing of women by men is inextricably bound up with misogyny, itself a product of patriarchy. In fact, many of these writers actually define femicide (taken here to mean the killing of women by men) as the misogynist killing of women by men thereby altering the theoretical framework within which to explain this phenomenon. For Radford (1992), it is assumed that violence directed at women by men is, at least in part, because they are female. Very much tied in with the notion that being in control is necessary and beneficial, many of the men indicated that violence or the threat of it was an important way of controlling other people's perceptions of themselves as 'macho' guys who 'shouldn't be messed with'. 'This was seen as a particularly relevant image to portray to male peers. Violence as control in this respect represents the least concrete form of reward - nothing tangible is gained (it would appear) other than respect and status. According to a Staut (1992), violence is essentially orientated toward the goal of control. Whilst control is exercised for a multitude of reasons, some for none other than

Authors: Chew, Martha. and Prieto, Leonel.
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4
Approximately 325 young women have been murdered in Cd. Juárez since 1993. In
order to place the current femicide that is taking place in Cd. Juarez context it is
necessary to provide a brief review of some key pieces of literature, in particular those
concerned with power, control and masculinity/ies (Bourdieu, 2001). On the first issue,
the concept of control has been a feature of considerable research into violent
interpersonal crimes, particularly where the offender is a male and the victim female. For
example, many researchers who have studied domestic violence, or instances where
males kill a female partner, have observed that men often act violently in order to control
the activities of wives or cohabitants (Dobash & Dobash, 1979). In these accounts,
violence against women is explained by reference to the sexual inequality of females
and patriarchal systems of control and domination. According to Radford (1992), the
killing of women by men is inextricably bound up with misogyny, itself a product of
patriarchy. In fact, many of these writers actually define femicide (taken here to mean
the killing of women by men) as the misogynist killing of women by men thereby altering
the theoretical framework within which to explain this phenomenon. For Radford (1992),
it is assumed that violence directed at women by men is, at least in part, because they
are female.
Very much tied in with the notion that being in control is necessary and
beneficial, many of the men indicated that violence or the threat of it was an important
way of controlling other people's perceptions of themselves as 'macho' guys who
'shouldn't be messed with'. 'This was seen as a particularly relevant image to portray to
male peers. Violence as control in this respect represents the least concrete form of
reward - nothing tangible is gained (it would appear) other than respect and status.
According to a Staut (1992), violence is essentially orientated toward the goal of
control. Whilst control is exercised for a multitude of reasons, some for none other than


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