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Young migrants in the borderlands: femicide in Cd. Juárez and the state discourse and initiatives on female working class, brown citizens in the border.
Unformatted Document Text:  9 development plans are focused on the Southwest area of the city where the maquiladora industry is concentrated. In contrast, the western part of the city, where most of the population lives, has been neglected for decades (IMIP, 2002). The city’s economic and political elite, in close partnership with the maquiladora industry, has actively participated in the city’s planning to develop urban infrastructure in areas where the maquiladoras are located. This partnership greatly explains Cd. Juárez’s city extreme and growing urban marginality. In Cd. Juárez about 50 % of the streets are paved; the housing deficit is approximately of 60,000 houses; the existing housing is deteriorated due to the fact that most houses are made of two rooms with wood or disposible material. Since many colonias lack water, electricity and plumbing, the inhabitants living in them are vulnerable to health problems. The absence of public expenditure on education and health services has brought even more hardships, especially for women who are the primarily responsible for care of the family. Some general socio-economic effects that Cd. Juárez is experiencing regarding the lack of basic public infrastructure are: lack of sense of community, lack of schooling, high rates of drop outs, drug smuggling, growth of gangs, interfamily violence and extreme violence in general. The most pressing environmental problem that this border is experiencing is the poor quality of the water and even more in the future, the lack of water. The common underground aquifers have a remaining expected life span of between 20 to 30 years at current extraction levels (EPA, 1996). Due to its strategic place, Cd. Juárez/El Paso border area has historically been a major point of smuggling. For instance, during the U.S. prohibition of alcohol era many local families smuggled alcohol to the U.S. Currently, this border is one of the many points of drug smuggling to the U.S. The illegal narcotics business has had economic,

Authors: Chew, Martha. and Prieto, Leonel.
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9
development plans are focused on the Southwest area of the city where the maquiladora
industry is concentrated. In contrast, the western part of the city, where most of the
population lives, has been neglected for decades (IMIP, 2002). The city’s economic and
political elite, in close partnership with the maquiladora industry, has actively
participated in the city’s planning to develop urban infrastructure in areas where the
maquiladoras are located. This partnership greatly explains Cd. Juárez’s city extreme
and growing urban marginality. In Cd. Juárez about 50 % of the streets are paved; the
housing deficit is approximately of 60,000 houses; the existing housing is deteriorated due
to the fact that most houses are made of two rooms with wood or disposible material.
Since many colonias lack water, electricity and plumbing, the inhabitants living in them are
vulnerable to health problems.
The absence of public expenditure on education and health services has brought
even more hardships, especially for women who are the primarily responsible for care of
the family. Some general socio-economic effects that Cd. Juárez is experiencing regarding
the lack of basic public infrastructure are: lack of sense of community, lack of schooling,
high rates of drop outs, drug smuggling, growth of gangs, interfamily violence and extreme
violence in general. The most pressing environmental problem that this border is
experiencing is the poor quality of the water and even more in the future, the lack of
water. The common underground aquifers have a remaining expected life span of
between 20 to 30 years at current extraction levels (EPA, 1996).
Due to its strategic place, Cd. Juárez/El Paso border area has historically been a
major point of smuggling. For instance, during the U.S. prohibition of alcohol era many
local families smuggled alcohol to the U.S. Currently, this border is one of the many
points of drug smuggling to the U.S. The illegal narcotics business has had economic,


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