All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

you a stone freak in yo own skin: Missy Elliott's and Lil' Kim's Constructions of Black Womanhood
Unformatted Document Text:  Black Womanhood 13 The first part of the analysis focuses on the photos used in each article. This photo analysis is based upon arguments in Berger’s (1972) Ways of Seeing. In this work, Berger contends that the way we view publicity images is steeped in a history of viewing oil paintings. He explains the inherent sexism in looking at visual images. One particular passage is worth quoting at length: [A] woman’s presence expresses her own attitude to herself, and defines what can and cannot be done to her. Her presence is manifest in her gestures, voice, opinions, expressions, clothes, chosen surroundings, taste--indeed there is nothing she can do which does not contribute her presence. Presence for a woman is so intrinsic to her person that men tend to think of it as an almost physical emanation, a kind of heat or smell or aura…. She is almost continually accompanied by her own image of herself…. Every one of her actions--whatever its direct purpose or motivation--is also read as an indication of how she would like to be treated… One might simplify this by saying: men act and women appear.Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at" (emphasis in original, Berger, 1972, pp. 46-47) This argument is relevant to African-American women who have long been objectified and subjected to the white and male gazes. However, some have resisted this gaze and attempt to counter this gaze and redefine how they are seen. Even though the analysis will focus mainly on photographs accompanying the featured articles, it will also consider photos found elsewhere since these images are sometimes discussed in, if not shown with, the narratives. Photographs are also examined for dominant images, poses, eye level, open mouth, etc. The second part of the analysis focuses on the two music videos that were breakthrough hits for Elliott and Kim as solo artists. Lynch's (2001) analysis of Michael Jackson music videos guides this aspect of my analysis. Lynch uses analytic induction, "creating analytic categories after preliminary study of an artifact or text" (p. 117). Also, since music videos tend to break narrative styles, it is more helpful to discuss music

Authors: Brooks, TaKeshia.
first   previous   Page 13 of 31   next   last



background image
Black Womanhood 13
The first part of the analysis focuses on the photos used in each article. This
photo analysis is based upon arguments in Berger’s (1972) Ways of Seeing. In this work,
Berger contends that the way we view publicity images is steeped in a history of viewing
oil paintings. He explains the inherent sexism in looking at visual images. One
particular passage is worth quoting at length:
[A] woman’s presence expresses her own attitude to herself, and defines
what can and cannot be done to her. Her presence is manifest in her
gestures, voice, opinions, expressions, clothes, chosen surroundings, taste-
-indeed there is nothing she can do which does not contribute her
presence. Presence for a woman is so intrinsic to her person that men tend
to think of it as an almost physical emanation, a kind of heat or smell or
aura…. She is almost continually accompanied by her own image of
herself…. Every one of her actions--whatever its direct purpose or
motivation--is also read as an indication of how she would like to be
treated… One might simplify this by saying: men act and women appear.
Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at"
(emphasis in original, Berger, 1972, pp. 46-47)
This argument is relevant to African-American women who have long been objectified
and subjected to the white and male gazes. However, some have resisted this gaze and
attempt to counter this gaze and redefine how they are seen. Even though the analysis
will focus mainly on photographs accompanying the featured articles, it will also
consider photos found elsewhere since these images are sometimes discussed in, if not
shown with, the narratives. Photographs are also examined for dominant images, poses,
eye level, open mouth, etc.
The second part of the analysis focuses on the two music videos that were
breakthrough hits for Elliott and Kim as solo artists. Lynch's (2001) analysis of Michael
Jackson music videos guides this aspect of my analysis. Lynch uses analytic induction,
"creating analytic categories after preliminary study of an artifact or text" (p. 117). Also,
since music videos tend to break narrative styles, it is more helpful to discuss music


Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 13 of 31   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.