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Expressed Emotion and the Double-Bind: Communication of Specific Emotions in Schizophrenia

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Abstract:

The experience, expression, and communication of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust, and pleasantness-unpleasantness were studied in Schizophrenia and Comparison samples using the slide-viewing technique. Results indicated the magnitude of differences between Schizophrenia and Comparison participants were reflected in the following mean effect sizes: self-reported emotional experience .18; other-reported emotional expression .26; emotion communication accuracy .42. Corresponding mean effect sizes for males only were .16, .19, and .34. Relative to Comparison participants, emotional experience and expression were slightly or moderately less appropriate in Schizophrenia participants, but communication accuracy was strongly different and uniformly lower. These findings suggest that the greater part of “inappropriate affect” in schizophrenia involves spontaneous emotional communication. This is discussed in relation to research on Expressed Emotion (EE) and the classic Double-Bind hypothesis (DBH), suggesting that specific sorts of manipulations of the environment of emotional communication in schizophrenia patients may have therapeutically beneficial effects.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

emot (161), schizophrenia (135), slide (124), particip (93), communic (89), rate (84), d (83), mean (76), express (67), comparison (61), patient (54), differ (48), experi (44), sender (44), may (44), view (40), male (39), specif (38), effect (36), studi (34), ee (34),

Author's Keywords:

schizophrenia, emotion, double-bind, slide-viewing, nonverbal communication
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Name: International Communication Association
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http://www.icahdq.org


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MLA Citation:

Buck, Ross., Sheehan, Megan., Cartwright-Mills, Jacquie., Ray, Ipshita. and Ross, Elliott. "Expressed Emotion and the Double-Bind: Communication of Specific Emotions in Schizophrenia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 <Not Available>. 2009-05-26 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111757_index.html>

APA Citation:

Buck, R. , Sheehan, M. A., Cartwright-Mills, J. , Ray, I. and Ross, E. D. , 2003-05-27 "Expressed Emotion and the Double-Bind: Communication of Specific Emotions in Schizophrenia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA Online <.PDF>. 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p111757_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The experience, expression, and communication of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, disgust, and pleasantness-unpleasantness were studied in Schizophrenia and Comparison samples using the slide-viewing technique. Results indicated the magnitude of differences between Schizophrenia and Comparison participants were reflected in the following mean effect sizes: self-reported emotional experience .18; other-reported emotional expression .26; emotion communication accuracy .42. Corresponding mean effect sizes for males only were .16, .19, and .34. Relative to Comparison participants, emotional experience and expression were slightly or moderately less appropriate in Schizophrenia participants, but communication accuracy was strongly different and uniformly lower. These findings suggest that the greater part of “inappropriate affect” in schizophrenia involves spontaneous emotional communication. This is discussed in relation to research on Expressed Emotion (EE) and the classic Double-Bind hypothesis (DBH), suggesting that specific sorts of manipulations of the environment of emotional communication in schizophrenia patients may have therapeutically beneficial effects.

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Document Type: .PDF
Page count: 24
Word count: 9218
Text sample:
Page 1 Expressed Emotion and the Double-Bind: Experience Expression and Communication of Specific Emotions in Schizophrenia and Comparison Samples Abstract The experience expression and communication of happiness sadness fear anger surprise disgust and pleasantness-unpleasantness were studied in Schizophrenia and Comparison samples using the slide-viewing technique. Results indicated the magnitude of differences between Schizophrenia and Comparison participants were reflected in the following mean effect sizes: self-reported emotional experience .18; other-reported emotional expression .26; emotion communication accuracy .42. Corresponding mean effect
Page 23 Effect sizes Schizophrenia vs. Comparison Males 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 Mean d statistic M. Self-R 0.8 M. Oth R M. Comm 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 AFRAID DISGUST SAD ANGRY HAPPY Pl-Unpl SURP Page 24


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