All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

From a Behavioral Toward an Interactional Theory of Charisma in Organizations
Unformatted Document Text:  Student Paper Interactional Theory of Charisma 12 purest form charisma is anti-institutional (1947). For Weber, charisma is irrational and a dangerous social force capable of inciting revolutions and challenging the norms of the established social order. Management and organizational scholars taking behavior perspectives on charisma have largely transformed charisma into a desirable quality. Its ability to pull in followers and to change traditional organizational practices makes it a positive and constructive force desired by top level managers in organizations. Through behavioral theorization by organizational scholars, Weber’s original concept of charisma has mutated drastically. Charisma as a quality of Office The second and less familiar discussion of Weber’s writings on charisma concern what he terms “the routinization of charisma.” As King, Sawyer, and Behnke (1998) observe: “The institution-building effects of charismatic leadership constitute an aspect of Weber’s theory of which has been given relatively little attention” (p. 16). I imagine that this lack of attention is due in larger part to the fact that this part of Weber’s thesis is less flashy and cannot as easily be used to generate organizational change or facilitate expensive workshops. In the routinization of charisma, Weber is able to explain more fully what he meant in his discussion of the charismatic leader when he noted that charisma must be recognized and treated as charisma in order to have authority. Charisma, in effect, is removed from the behavioral realm, the realm of the individual, and placed in a social role. Charisma becomes an attribute of an office or a role, rather than a characteristic possessed by an individual. To this end Weber notes: The concept of charisma may be transmitted by ritual means from one bearer to another or may be created in a new person. The concept was originally magical. It involves a dissociation of charisma from a particular individual, making it an

Authors: Leonardi, Paul.
first   previous   Page 12 of 32   next   last



background image
Student Paper Interactional Theory of Charisma 12
purest form charisma is anti-institutional (1947). For Weber, charisma is irrational and a
dangerous social force capable of inciting revolutions and challenging the norms of the
established social order. Management and organizational scholars taking behavior perspectives
on charisma have largely transformed charisma into a desirable quality. Its ability to pull in
followers and to change traditional organizational practices makes it a positive and constructive
force desired by top level managers in organizations. Through behavioral theorization by
organizational scholars, Weber’s original concept of charisma has mutated drastically.
Charisma as a quality of Office
The second and less familiar discussion of Weber’s writings on charisma concern what
he terms “the routinization of charisma.” As King, Sawyer, and Behnke (1998) observe: “The
institution-building effects of charismatic leadership constitute an aspect of Weber’s theory of
which has been given relatively little attention” (p. 16). I imagine that this lack of attention is
due in larger part to the fact that this part of Weber’s thesis is less flashy and cannot as easily be
used to generate organizational change or facilitate expensive workshops. In the routinization of
charisma, Weber is able to explain more fully what he meant in his discussion of the charismatic
leader when he noted that charisma must be recognized and treated as charisma in order to have
authority. Charisma, in effect, is removed from the behavioral realm, the realm of the individual,
and placed in a social role. Charisma becomes an attribute of an office or a role, rather than a
characteristic possessed by an individual. To this end Weber notes:
The concept of charisma may be transmitted by ritual means from one bearer to
another or may be created in a new person. The concept was originally magical.
It involves a dissociation of charisma from a particular individual, making it an


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 12 of 32   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.