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Romance and Risk: Romantic Attraction and Health Risks in the Process of Relationship Formation
Unformatted Document Text:  There is evidence that people engage in “risky” (i.e., unprotected) sex with “safe” partners and in “safer” (i.e., condom protected) sex with “risky” partners (Fishbein & Jarvis, 2000). For example, people are more likely to use condoms with casual or occasional partners than with main or regular partners. In addition, those who have had a main partner for less than 1 month are more likely to use condoms than are those who have had a main partner for at least 3 months (Peterman et al., 2000). Additional evidence that intentions to use condoms vary as a function of people’s sexual partners comes from a recent study of condom use among different high risk groups (Montano, Kasprzyk, vonHaeften & Fishbein, 2001). For example, while both male and female injecting drug users (IDUs), commercial sex workers (CSWs), and multi-partnered heterosexuals (MPHs) had strong intentions to use - and actually did use - condoms with their casual partners/clients, relatively few intended to use or actually did use condoms with their main partners. One possible explanation for this difference in condom use behaviors and intentions with respect to main and occasional partners might be that persons perceive their main partners as “safe” and for that reason are unlikely to use condoms (Rhodes & Malotte, 1996). Curiously, research has failed to show the expected positive effect of perceived risk on condom use (Brown, DiClemente & Reynolds, 1991; Gerrard, Gibbons & Bushman, 1996; Poppen & Reisen, 1997; Van der Velde, van der Pligt & Hooykaas, 1994). In order to

Authors: Johnson, Brenda., Fishbein, Martin., Hennessy, Michael. and Yzer, Marcus.
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There is evidence that people engage in “risky” (i.e.,
unprotected) sex with “safe” partners and in “safer” (i.e., condom
protected) sex with “risky” partners (Fishbein & Jarvis, 2000).
For example, people are more likely to use condoms with casual or
occasional partners than with main or regular partners. In
addition, those who have had a main partner for less than 1 month
are more likely to use condoms than are those who have had a main
partner for at least 3 months (Peterman et al., 2000). Additional
evidence that intentions to use condoms vary as a function of
people’s sexual partners comes from a recent study of condom use
among different high risk groups (Montano, Kasprzyk, vonHaeften &
Fishbein, 2001). For example, while both male and female
injecting drug users (IDUs), commercial sex workers (CSWs), and
multi-partnered heterosexuals (MPHs) had strong intentions to use
- and actually did use - condoms with their casual
partners/clients, relatively few intended to use or actually did
use condoms with their main partners. One possible explanation for
this difference in condom use behaviors and intentions with
respect to main and occasional partners might be that persons
perceive their main partners as “safe” and for that reason are
unlikely to use condoms (Rhodes & Malotte, 1996).
Curiously, research has failed to show the expected positive
effect of perceived risk on condom use (Brown, DiClemente &
Reynolds, 1991; Gerrard, Gibbons & Bushman, 1996; Poppen & Reisen,
1997; Van der Velde, van der Pligt & Hooykaas, 1994). In order to


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