All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Romance and Risk: Romantic Attraction and Health Risks in the Process of Relationship Formation
Unformatted Document Text:  3 although they display optimistic bias when comparing their risk status to others (Van der Velde, van der Pligt & Hooykaas, 1992, 1994). An alternative explanation for the limited predictive power of perceived risk may be that while people can accurately estimate partner risk, they simply don’t pay attention to partner risk in deciding whether to date, have sex with, or to use a condom with a potential partner. For example, respondents often report that they “just know” whether a sexual partner is safe through observations of the partner’s appearance (e.g. Gold, Skinner, Grants & Plummer, 1991; Keller, 1993; Maticka-Tyndale, 1991; Williams et al., 1992) or other formally “irrelevant“ information. In a recent study (Agocha & Cooper, 1999) subjects (especially men), neglected risk-relevant information, and relied on personal characteristics such as perceived physical attractiveness in deciding to date and have unprotected sex with a potential partner. Participants viewed a photograph of a potential sex partner that was either high or low on a physical attractiveness scale and read a dating agency profile in which information about the potential partner’s sexual history was embedded. Physical attractiveness was a very important predictor for intentions to have sex and predicted intentions to use condoms. However, regardless of whether the potential partner was at high or low risk (according to the provided sexual history), the higher the

Authors: Johnson, Brenda., Fishbein, Martin., Hennessy, Michael. and Yzer, Marcus.
first   previous   Page 3 of 30   next   last



background image
3
although they display optimistic bias when comparing their risk
status to others (Van der Velde, van der Pligt & Hooykaas, 1992,
1994).
An alternative explanation for the limited predictive power
of perceived risk may be that while people can accurately estimate
partner risk, they simply don’t pay attention to partner risk in
deciding whether to date, have sex with, or to use a condom with a
potential partner. For example, respondents often report that
they “just know” whether a sexual partner is safe through
observations of the partner’s appearance (e.g. Gold, Skinner,
Grants & Plummer, 1991; Keller, 1993; Maticka-Tyndale, 1991;
Williams et al., 1992) or other formally “irrelevant“ information.
In a recent study (Agocha & Cooper, 1999) subjects (especially
men), neglected risk-relevant information, and relied on personal
characteristics such as perceived physical attractiveness in
deciding to date and have unprotected sex with a potential
partner. Participants viewed a photograph of a potential sex
partner that was either high or low on a physical attractiveness
scale and read a dating agency profile in which information about
the potential partner’s sexual history was embedded. Physical
attractiveness was a very important predictor for intentions to
have sex and predicted intentions to use condoms. However,
regardless of whether the potential partner was at high or low
risk (according to the provided sexual history), the higher the


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 3 of 30   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.