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Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Type of argument as a situational constraint
Unformatted Document Text:  Argumentativeness 11 a specific argument. Hypothesis one and two were supported. There was a main effect for type of argument, with individuals reporting higher levels of argumentative behavior in the public issue argument, F(1,154)=145.68; p<.001, M P =72.16; SD P =13.39; M R =56.72; SD R =11.61; partial 2 =.49. There was a main effect for sex, with males reporting higher scores than females, F(1,154)=10.61; p=.001, M M =66.91; SD M =11.81; M F =61.97; SD F =12.66; partial 2 =.06. However, in regards to research question three, there was no significant interaction between type of argument and sex of respondent F(1,154)=0.39; p>.05; partial 2 =.002. Inspection of the cell means illustrate that males reported higher scores in both the public and personal issue argument conditions (see Figure One). Another two-way mixed ANOVA was utilized to test research question two and hypotheses three and four. The two independent variables were type of argument, which was repeated, and sex of respondent. The dependent variable was level of verbal aggressiveness reported in a specific argument. In regards to research question one, which queried whether verbal aggressiveness levels differ for the public issue and personal issue argument condition, no significant main effect for argument type was found, F(1,151)=0.81; p>.05, M P =49.57; SD P =13.39; M R =50.69; SD R =13.11; partial 2 =.005. Hypothesis three was supported, in that a significant main effect for sex was found, with males reporting higher scores, F(1,151)=8.25; p<.01, M M =53.16; SD M =12.93; M F =47.77; SD F =13.00. In regards to hypothesis four, which predicted an interaction between type of argument and sex, the results barely missed the criteria for significance, F(1,151)=3.82; p=.052; partial 2 =.03. Inspection of the cell means (see Figure Two) illustrated that men hardly differed in their use of verbal aggressiveness across argument type and always reported higher levels than women. However, women reported significantly higher levels of reported verbally aggressive behavior in the personal issue argument condition

Authors: Johnson, Amy.
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Argumentativeness 11
a specific argument. Hypothesis one and two were supported. There was a main effect for type of
argument, with individuals reporting higher levels of argumentative behavior in the public issue
argument, F(1,154)=145.68; p<.001, M
P
=72.16; SD
P
=13.39; M
R
=56.72; SD
R
=11.61; partial
2
=.49. There was a main effect for sex, with males reporting higher scores than females,
F(1,154)=10.61; p=.001, M
M
=66.91; SD
M
=11.81; M
F
=61.97; SD
F
=12.66; partial
2
=.06.
However, in regards to research question three, there was no significant interaction between type
of argument and sex of respondent F(1,154)=0.39; p>.05; partial
2
=.002. Inspection of the cell
means illustrate that males reported higher scores in both the public and personal issue argument
conditions (see Figure One).
Another two-way mixed ANOVA was utilized to test research question two and
hypotheses three and four. The two independent variables were type of argument, which was
repeated, and sex of respondent. The dependent variable was level of verbal aggressiveness
reported in a specific argument. In regards to research question one, which queried whether
verbal aggressiveness levels differ for the public issue and personal issue argument condition, no
significant main effect for argument type was found, F(1,151)=0.81; p>.05, M
P
=49.57;
SD
P
=13.39; M
R
=50.69; SD
R
=13.11; partial
2
=.005. Hypothesis three was supported, in that a
significant main effect for sex was found, with males reporting higher scores, F(1,151)=8.25;
p<.01, M
M
=53.16; SD
M
=12.93; M
F
=47.77; SD
F
=13.00. In regards to hypothesis four, which
predicted an interaction between type of argument and sex, the results barely missed the criteria
for significance, F(1,151)=3.82; p=.052; partial
2
=.03. Inspection of the cell means (see Figure
Two) illustrated that men hardly differed in their use of verbal aggressiveness across argument
type and always reported higher levels than women. However, women reported significantly
higher levels of reported verbally aggressive behavior in the personal issue argument condition


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