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Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Type of argument as a situational constraint
Unformatted Document Text:  Argumentativeness 8 H2: Males will report higher levels of argumentative behavior than females. RQ1: Is there an interaction between type of argument and sex of the respondent in terms of reported argument behavior? What about levels of verbal aggressiveness? If individuals wish to avoid personal issue arguments but these arguments tend to have a greater implication for the interpersonal relationship, perhaps individuals may be more likely to exhibit higher levels of verbal aggression. Also, one potential explanation of verbal aggression is argumentative skills deficiency (Infante et al., 1984). If individuals’ emotions are more involved in a personal issue argument because of the greater relational implications, they may be less able to argue effectively, leading to a greater usage of verbal aggressiveness. Of course, public issue arguments may also lead to high emotions, especially if one individual is highly ego-involved in the topic. Therefore, a research question is proposed. RQ2: Do reported verbal aggressiveness levels differ for the public issue argument condition and the personal issue argument condition? In addition, males have been reported to have higher verbal aggressiveness scores than females. This should translate to higher reported verbal aggressive behavior in an argument. However, does this hold for both types of arguments? Infante et al., (1984) found that when an opponent was adaptable, males scored higher in likelihood of use of verbally aggressive behavior. However, this sex difference decreased when the opponent was obstinate. Infante et al. suggest that women may be more affected by situational concerns. Therefore, perhaps women will be more affected by type of argument as well and will differ in their reported verbally aggressive behavior for the two types of arguments. H3: Males will report more verbally aggressive behavior than females.

Authors: Johnson, Amy.
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Argumentativeness 8
H2: Males will report higher levels of argumentative behavior than females.
RQ1: Is there an interaction between type of argument and sex of the respondent in terms
of reported argument behavior?
What about levels of verbal aggressiveness? If individuals wish to avoid personal issue
arguments but these arguments tend to have a greater implication for the interpersonal
relationship, perhaps individuals may be more likely to exhibit higher levels of verbal
aggression. Also, one potential explanation of verbal aggression is argumentative skills
deficiency (Infante et al., 1984). If individuals’ emotions are more involved in a personal issue
argument because of the greater relational implications, they may be less able to argue
effectively, leading to a greater usage of verbal aggressiveness. Of course, public issue
arguments may also lead to high emotions, especially if one individual is highly ego-involved in
the topic. Therefore, a research question is proposed.
RQ2: Do reported verbal aggressiveness levels differ for the public issue argument
condition and the personal issue argument condition?
In addition, males have been reported to have higher verbal aggressiveness scores than
females. This should translate to higher reported verbal aggressive behavior in an argument.
However, does this hold for both types of arguments? Infante et al., (1984) found that when an
opponent was adaptable, males scored higher in likelihood of use of verbally aggressive
behavior. However, this sex difference decreased when the opponent was obstinate. Infante et al.
suggest that women may be more affected by situational concerns. Therefore, perhaps women
will be more affected by type of argument as well and will differ in their reported verbally
aggressive behavior for the two types of arguments.
H3: Males will report more verbally aggressive behavior than females.


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