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Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Type of argument as a situational constraint
Unformatted Document Text:  Argumentativeness 9 H4: There will be an interaction between type of argument and sex on levels of reported verbally aggressive behavior. Methods Participants and Procedures Participants consisted of 162 undergraduate students from a medium sized Southwestern university. Average age was 21 (SD=2.5), with 97% 25-years-old or younger. Forty-three percent were males, and 54% were females. Three percent did not report their sex. Seventy-five percent were Caucasian, 9% African-American, 5% Native American / Pacific Islander, 3% Hispanic, 3% Asian-American, and 5% reported their race as “other” or failed to report their race. The questionnaire asked the participant to think of an argument about one of the topics provided that they had recently experienced with a friend, romantic partner, or family member. They briefly described the argument and then answered questions related to that argument. Next, they received a second list of topics and repeated the same procedure. Half of the participants received the list of public issue argument topics first, while half received the list of personal issue argument topics first. Measures The personal and public issue argument topics were taken from previous research focused on arguments (Author, 2000; Canary, et al., 1995; Canary, Weger, & Stafford, 1991; Legge & Rawlins, 1992; Levine & Boster, 1996). Based on the definitions delineated of public and personal issue arguments and face validity (Author, 2000), topics were designated by the author as either public or personal. Public issue argument topics included the following: abortion; death penalty; the environment; drug legalization; underage alcohol drinking; racial prejudice; sex discrimination;

Authors: Johnson, Amy.
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Argumentativeness 9
H4: There will be an interaction between type of argument and sex on levels of reported
verbally aggressive behavior.
Methods
Participants and Procedures
Participants consisted of 162 undergraduate students from a medium sized Southwestern
university. Average age was 21 (SD=2.5), with 97% 25-years-old or younger. Forty-three percent
were males, and 54% were females. Three percent did not report their sex. Seventy-five percent
were Caucasian, 9% African-American, 5% Native American / Pacific Islander, 3% Hispanic,
3% Asian-American, and 5% reported their race as “other” or failed to report their race.
The questionnaire asked the participant to think of an argument about one of the topics
provided that they had recently experienced with a friend, romantic partner, or family member.
They briefly described the argument and then answered questions related to that argument. Next,
they received a second list of topics and repeated the same procedure. Half of the participants
received the list of public issue argument topics first, while half received the list of personal
issue argument topics first.
Measures
The personal and public issue argument topics were taken from previous research focused
on arguments (Author, 2000; Canary, et al., 1995; Canary, Weger, & Stafford, 1991; Legge &
Rawlins, 1992; Levine & Boster, 1996). Based on the definitions delineated of public and
personal issue arguments and face validity (Author, 2000), topics were designated by the author
as either public or personal.
Public issue argument topics included the following: abortion; death penalty; the
environment; drug legalization; underage alcohol drinking; racial prejudice; sex discrimination;


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