All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 1 Introduction The U.S. is a multicultural society in which the most diverse cultural and ethnic groups of people in the world reside together. Within the U.S., therefore, intercultural communication and further multicultural communication are inevitable (Sitaram 1995, 1998). In a sense, American life itself has become an active field of intercultural communication. The world tendency of “globalization” seems to enhance such trends in the U.S. As Lustig and Koester (1996) noted, the systemic efficiency of the U.S. across political, economic, cultural, and social boundaries is determined by individual and collective abilities to perform constructive and effective intercultural communication. Because unavoidable intercultural communication itself within the U.S. may produce much more anxiety or apprehension for diverse cultural groups of people than do any other forms of communication, a number of people with diverse cultural backgrounds in the U.S. may suffer from intercultural communication apprehension (Neuliep and McCroskey 1997). By definition, intercultural communication is interactive communication between people from different cultures emphasizing mutual understanding between them (Samovar and Porter 1997; Sitaram 1995). The primary goal of intercultural communication is to facilitate constructive communicative interactions between diverse cultural groups of people confronting with several intercultural barriers (Asuncion-Lande 1997), derived from different cultural values, norms, beliefs, and expectations. Barna (1997) categorized the barriers of intercultural communication into six items such as presumed similarities, language differences, nonverbal misinterpretations, preconceptions and stereotypes, tendency to evaluate, and high anxiety. Of those six intercultural

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
first   previous   Page 1 of 36   next   last



background image
Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
1
Introduction
The U.S. is a multicultural society in which the most diverse cultural and ethnic
groups of people in the world reside together. Within the U.S., therefore, intercultural
communication and further multicultural communication are inevitable (Sitaram 1995,
1998). In a sense, American life itself has become an active field of intercultural
communication. The world tendency of “globalization” seems to enhance such trends in
the U.S. As Lustig and Koester (1996) noted, the systemic efficiency of the U.S. across
political, economic, cultural, and social boundaries is determined by individual and
collective abilities to perform constructive and effective intercultural communication.
Because unavoidable intercultural communication itself within the U.S. may produce
much more anxiety or apprehension for diverse cultural groups of people than do any
other forms of communication, a number of people with diverse cultural backgrounds in
the U.S. may suffer from intercultural communication apprehension (Neuliep and
McCroskey 1997).
By definition, intercultural communication is interactive communication between
people from different cultures emphasizing mutual understanding between them
(Samovar and Porter 1997; Sitaram 1995). The primary goal of intercultural
communication is to facilitate constructive communicative interactions between diverse
cultural groups of people confronting with several intercultural barriers (Asuncion-Lande
1997), derived from different cultural values, norms, beliefs, and expectations. Barna
(1997) categorized the barriers of intercultural communication into six items such as
presumed similarities, language differences, nonverbal misinterpretations, preconceptions
and stereotypes, tendency to evaluate, and high anxiety. Of those six intercultural


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 1 of 36   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.