All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 11 have classified conflict resolution strategies in different ways. For example, Tjosvold (1990) classified two conflict resolution styles including cooperation and competition, and Putnam and Wilson (1982) distinguished them into three styles such as nonconfrontation, solution orientation and control. While Gilmore and Fraleigh (1992) classified four strategies including accommodating/harmonizing, analyzing/preserving, achieving/directing, and affiliating/perfecting, Thomas (1976) and Kilmann and Thomas (1975) classified five conflict resolution strategies such as collaboration, accommodation, competition, avoidance, and compromise. Similarly, Raihm (1983) and Rahim and Magner (1995) classified them into five categories including integrating, obliging, dominating, avoiding, and compromising. According to Wilmot and Hocker (2001), most researchers today prefer a five-style approach. Recently, based on the classifications of Kilmann and Thomas (1975) and Rahim and Magner (1995), Wilmot and Hocker (2001) defined five conflict management styles such as collaboration, accommodation, competition, avoidance, and compromise that can be dimensioned by concern for the self and concern for the other, according to the degree of aggressiveness and cooperation. According to them, the ideal style of conflict resolution is collaboration, the most cooperative and simultaneously the most aggressive style, revealing the highest concern for self and the other. While avoidance and competition are the lowest levels of cooperative style, accommodation and collaboration are the highest levels of cooperative style. Avoidance and accommodation are the lowest levels of aggressive style, whereas competition and collaboration are the highest levels of aggressive style. Compromise is always in the middle of the dimension across cooperation, aggressiveness, concern for self, and the other.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
first   previous   Page 11 of 36   next   last



background image
Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
11
have classified conflict resolution strategies in different ways. For example, Tjosvold
(1990) classified two conflict resolution styles including cooperation and competition,
and Putnam and Wilson (1982) distinguished them into three styles such as
nonconfrontation, solution orientation and control. While Gilmore and Fraleigh (1992)
classified four strategies including accommodating/harmonizing, analyzing/preserving,
achieving/directing, and affiliating/perfecting, Thomas (1976) and Kilmann and Thomas
(1975) classified five conflict resolution strategies such as collaboration, accommodation,
competition, avoidance, and compromise. Similarly, Raihm (1983) and Rahim and
Magner (1995) classified them into five categories including integrating, obliging,
dominating, avoiding, and compromising. According to Wilmot and Hocker (2001), most
researchers today prefer a five-style approach. Recently, based on the classifications of
Kilmann and Thomas (1975) and Rahim and Magner (1995), Wilmot and Hocker (2001)
defined five conflict management styles such as collaboration, accommodation,
competition, avoidance, and compromise that can be dimensioned by concern for the self
and concern for the other, according to the degree of aggressiveness and cooperation.
According to them, the ideal style of conflict resolution is collaboration, the most
cooperative and simultaneously the most aggressive style, revealing the highest concern
for self and the other. While avoidance and competition are the lowest levels of
cooperative style, accommodation and collaboration are the highest levels of cooperative
style. Avoidance and accommodation are the lowest levels of aggressive style, whereas
competition and collaboration are the highest levels of aggressive style. Compromise is
always in the middle of the dimension across cooperation, aggressiveness, concern for
self, and the other.


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 11 of 36   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.