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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 18 and at the same time less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, there was a positive correlation between competition style and assertiveness (r=.56, p<.01), but considerably negative correlations were found between competition and compromise (r= -.31, p<.01) styles, between competition and collaboration (r=.45, p<.01) styles and between competition style and cooperativeness (r=-.72, p<.01). That is, the U.S. students who use competition strategy frequently tended to use compromise and collaboration strategies less frequently and showed less cooperative tendency, but they tended to be more assertive in managing intercultural conflicts. Fourth, there were positive correlations between compromise and accommodation (r=.36, p<.01) styles, between compromise and collaboration (r=.60, p<.01) styles, between compromise style and assertiveness (r=.18, p<.05), and between compromise style and cooperativeness (r=.47, p<.01). That is, the U.S. students who use compromise strategy frequently tended to also use accommodation and collaboration strategies frequently, and they tended to be more assertive and simultaneously much more cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Fifth, there were a considerably negative correlation between accommodation style and assertiveness (r=-.67, p<.01) and positive correlations between accommodation and collaboration (r=.22, p<.01) styles and between accommodation style and cooperativeness (r=.27, p<.01). That is, the students who used accommodation style often tended to be considerably less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts, but they tended to use collaboration strategy more frequently and to be more cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Sixth, a considerably positive correlation was found between collaboration style and cooperativeness (r=.77, p<.01). That is, the students who

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
18
and at the same time less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, there was
a positive correlation between competition style and assertiveness (r=.56, p<.01), but
considerably negative correlations were found between competition and compromise (r=
-.31, p<.01) styles, between competition and collaboration (r=.45, p<.01) styles and
between competition style and cooperativeness (r=-.72, p<.01). That is, the U.S. students
who use competition strategy frequently tended to use compromise and collaboration
strategies less frequently and showed less cooperative tendency, but they tended to be
more assertive in managing intercultural conflicts. Fourth, there were positive
correlations between compromise and accommodation (r=.36, p<.01) styles, between
compromise and collaboration (r=.60, p<.01) styles, between compromise style and
assertiveness (r=.18, p<.05), and between compromise style and cooperativeness (r=.47,
p<.01). That is, the U.S. students who use compromise strategy frequently tended to also
use accommodation and collaboration strategies frequently, and they tended to be more
assertive and simultaneously much more cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts.
Fifth, there were a considerably negative correlation between accommodation style and
assertiveness (r=-.67, p<.01) and positive correlations between accommodation and
collaboration (r=.22, p<.01) styles and between accommodation style and
cooperativeness (r=.27, p<.01). That is, the students who used accommodation style often
tended to be considerably less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts, but they
tended to use collaboration strategy more frequently and to be more cooperative in
resolving intercultural conflicts. Sixth, a considerably positive correlation was found
between collaboration style and cooperativeness (r=.77, p<.01). That is, the students who


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