All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 19 used collaboration style frequently tended to be considerably more cooperative in managing intercultural conflicts. Table 1 Correlation between ICA and ICMS for U.S. students U.S. Variable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 ICA 1.0 -.38** .04 .13 -.03 -.01 .22** .20* 2 Avoidance 1.0 -.13 .21** .52** .03 -.82** -.25** 3 Competition 1.0 -.31** -.05 -.45** .46** -.72** 4 Compromise 1.0 .36** .60** .18* .47** 5 Accommodation 1.0 .22** -.64** .27** 6 Collaboration 1.0 .08 .77** 7 Assertiveness 1.0 -.05 8 Cooperativeness 1.0 *p<.05, ** p<.01, where a negative (-) correlation indicates a positive (+) relationship and vice versa only for ICA. Table 2 shows the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/ cooperativeness tendencies for Korean students. First, a positive correlation was found between ICA and compromise style (r=.38, p<.01) and between ICA and accommodation style (r=.19, p<.05). Because higher scores in ICA indicate lower levels of ICA, above two significant correlations with ICA were interpreted in reverse. That is, Korean students with high ICA tended to use compromise and accommodation styles less frequently than did those with low ICA in managing intercultural conflicts. Second, there was a positive correlation between avoidance and compromise (r=.46, p<.01) styles, but negative correlations were found between avoidance and competition (r=-.25, p<.01) styles, between avoidance style and assertiveness (r=-.78, p<.01) and between avoidance style and cooperativeness (r=-.49, p<.01). That is, the Korean students who avoided

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
first   previous   Page 19 of 36   next   last



background image
Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
19
used collaboration style frequently tended to be considerably more cooperative in
managing intercultural conflicts.
Table 1 Correlation between ICA and ICMS for U.S. students
U.S.

Variable
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1 ICA
1.0 -.38** .04 .13 -.03 -.01 .22** .20*
2 Avoidance
1.0 -.13 .21** .52** .03 -.82** -.25**
3 Competition
1.0 -.31** -.05 -.45** .46** -.72**
4 Compromise
1.0 .36** .60** .18* .47**
5 Accommodation
1.0 .22** -.64** .27**
6 Collaboration
1.0 .08 .77**
7 Assertiveness 1.0 -.05
8 Cooperativeness
1.0

*p<.05, ** p<.01, where a negative (-) correlation indicates a positive (+) relationship
and vice versa only for ICA.
Table 2 shows the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/
cooperativeness tendencies for Korean students. First, a positive correlation was found
between ICA and compromise style (r=.38, p<.01) and between ICA and accommodation
style (r=.19, p<.05). Because higher scores in ICA indicate lower levels of ICA, above
two significant correlations with ICA were interpreted in reverse. That is, Korean
students with high ICA tended to use compromise and accommodation styles less
frequently than did those with low ICA in managing intercultural conflicts. Second, there
was a positive correlation between avoidance and compromise (r=.46, p<.01) styles, but
negative correlations were found between avoidance and competition (r=-.25, p<.01)
styles, between avoidance style and assertiveness (r=-.78, p<.01) and between avoidance
style and cooperativeness (r=-.49, p<.01). That is, the Korean students who avoided


Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 19 of 36   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.