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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 2 encounters, the high anxiety is not only distinct but frequently underlies the other intercultural barriers because both parties in intercultural interactions usually share the feelings of apprehension and anxiety, threatening successful and effective communication (Barna 1997). On the other hand, because conflict is a feature of every day life and an aspect of all human and social relationships (Ramesh 1998; Wilmot & Hocker 2001), there are no completely conflict-free societies. With the increased tendency of globalization across every aspect of society, we are all becoming more interdependent with one another than ever before. In particular, within the multicultural U.S where diverse cultural groups of people are interconnected, intercultural mixings come to increase stresses and anxieties in intercultural interactions, which in turn may increase intercultural conflicts. The continuous prosperity of the U.S. depends on how well manage socio-cultural diversity. As Smelser and Alexander (1999) noted, much of the recent anxiety about the conditions of the U.S. rooted in socio-cultural diversity is the major source of the current issues of the U.S. As the U.S. is coming apart ethnically and culturally under the impact of the enormous influx of the new immigrants, intercultural relations as a consequence of intercultural conflict and discontent are of great importance (Wuthnow 1999). The purpose of this study is to compare the relationship of intercultural communication apprehension with intercultural conflict management style and assertiveness/cooperative tendencies between U.S. and Korean college students. This study begins with the discussions of different cultural assumptions between U.S. and Korea. Then, the concepts of communication apprehension as an underlying problem across culture will be described. Third, communication apprehension across culture and

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
2
encounters, the high anxiety is not only distinct but frequently underlies the other
intercultural barriers because both parties in intercultural interactions usually share the
feelings of apprehension and anxiety, threatening successful and effective communication
(Barna 1997).
On the other hand, because conflict is a feature of every day life and an aspect of
all human and social relationships (Ramesh 1998; Wilmot & Hocker 2001), there are no
completely conflict-free societies. With the increased tendency of globalization across
every aspect of society, we are all becoming more interdependent with one another than
ever before. In particular, within the multicultural U.S where diverse cultural groups of
people are interconnected, intercultural mixings come to increase stresses and anxieties in
intercultural interactions, which in turn may increase intercultural conflicts. The
continuous prosperity of the U.S. depends on how well manage socio-cultural diversity.
As Smelser and Alexander (1999) noted, much of the recent anxiety about the conditions
of the U.S. rooted in socio-cultural diversity is the major source of the current issues of
the U.S. As the U.S. is coming apart ethnically and culturally under the impact of the
enormous influx of the new immigrants, intercultural relations as a consequence of
intercultural conflict and discontent are of great importance (Wuthnow 1999).
The purpose of this study is to compare the relationship of intercultural
communication apprehension with intercultural conflict management style and
assertiveness/cooperative tendencies between U.S. and Korean college students. This
study begins with the discussions of different cultural assumptions between U.S. and
Korea. Then, the concepts of communication apprehension as an underlying problem
across culture will be described. Third, communication apprehension across culture and


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