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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 20 intercultural conflicts often tended to use more compromise style, but they tended to less competitive, assertive and cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, there was a positive correlation between competition style and assertiveness (r=.62, p<.01), but a negative correlation was found between competition style and cooperativeness (r=-.41, p<.01). That is, the Korean students who used competition style frequently tended to be more assertive and less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Fourth, there were negative correlations between compromise style and assertiveness (r=-.28, p<.01) and between compromise style and cooperativeness (r=-.36, p<.05). That is, the Korean students who used compromise style frequently tended to be more assertive and at the same time less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Fifth, there were positive correlations between accommodation and collaboration (r=.34, p<.01) styles and between accommodation style and cooperativeness (r=.49, p<.01), but a negative correlation was found between accommodation style and assertiveness (r=-.29, p<.01). That is, the students who used accommodation styles often tended to use collaboration style frequently and be more cooperative, but they are less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts. Sixth, there was a positive correlation between collaboration style and cooperativeness (r=.55, p<.01). That is, the Korean students who frequently used collaboration style tended to be more cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Table 2 Correlation between ICA and ICMS for Korean students Korea Variable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 ICA 1.0 .08 .13 .38** .19* .08 -.03 -.02 2 Avoidance 1.0 -.25** .46** .07 .13 -.78** -.49** 3 Competition 1.0 -.01 .02 -.14 .62** -.41** 4 Compromise 1.0 -.09 -.01 -.28** -.36**

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
20
intercultural conflicts often tended to use more compromise style, but they tended to less
competitive, assertive and cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, there
was a positive correlation between competition style and assertiveness (r=.62, p<.01), but
a negative correlation was found between competition style and cooperativeness (r=-.41,
p<.01). That is, the Korean students who used competition style frequently tended to be
more assertive and less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Fourth, there were
negative correlations between compromise style and assertiveness (r=-.28, p<.01) and
between compromise style and cooperativeness (r=-.36, p<.05). That is, the Korean
students who used compromise style frequently tended to be more assertive and at the
same time less cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts. Fifth, there were positive
correlations between accommodation and collaboration (r=.34, p<.01) styles and between
accommodation style and cooperativeness (r=.49, p<.01), but a negative correlation was
found between accommodation style and assertiveness (r=-.29, p<.01). That is, the
students who used accommodation styles often tended to use collaboration style
frequently and be more cooperative, but they are less assertive in managing intercultural
conflicts. Sixth, there was a positive correlation between collaboration style and
cooperativeness (r=.55, p<.01). That is, the Korean students who frequently used
collaboration style tended to be more cooperative in resolving intercultural conflicts.
Table 2 Correlation between ICA and ICMS for Korean students
Korea

Variable 1
2
3 4 5 6 7 8

1 ICA
1.0 .08 .13 .38** .19* .08 -.03 -.02
2 Avoidance
1.0 -.25** .46** .07 .13 -.78** -.49**
3 Competition
1.0 -.01 .02 -.14 .62** -.41**
4 Compromise
1.0 -.09 -.01 -.28** -.36**


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