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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 22 U.S. Korea ICA*** 15.03 2.15 Avoidance*** 14.53 17.10 Competition* 13.95 13.09 Compromise** 17.86 16.98 Accommodation*** 15.00 16.49 Collaboration* 18.51 19.24 Assertiveness*** 2.93 -1.26 Cooperativeness 5.03 5.54 *p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.0001, where higher scores in ICA indicate lower levels of ICA. Table 4 shows that for U.S. students avoidance and compromise strategies and the tendency of assertiveness in managing intercultural conflicts are different depending upon the levels of ICA. That is, the levels of ICA influence U.S. students’ avoidance (F(2,155)=9.35, p<.0001) and compromise (F(2,155)=10.75, p<.0001) strategies and assertiveness tendency (F(2,155)=3.13, p<.05) in resolving intercultural conflicts. However, the levels of ICA did not influence U.S students’ use of competition, accommodation and collaboration styles, and their tendency of cooperation in managing intercultural conflicts. For Korean students, the use of compromise strategy in managing intercultural conflicts is different according to the levels of ICA. That is, the levels of ICA influenced Korean students’ compromise strategy (F(2,155)=16.86, p<.0001). However, the levels of ICA did not influence Korean students’ use of avoidance, competition, accommodation and collaboration styles and their tendencies of assertiveness and cooperation in resolving intercultural conflicts. Nevertheless, it is notable that across the levels of ICA, Korean students tended to use avoidance style more often than did U.S. students and they are much less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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background image
Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
22
U.S.
Korea
ICA*** 15.03
2.15
Avoidance***
14.53
17.10
Competition*
13.95
13.09
Compromise**
17.86
16.98
Accommodation***
15.00
16.49
Collaboration*
18.51
19.24
Assertiveness***
2.93
-1.26
Cooperativeness
5.03
5.54

*p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.0001, where higher scores in ICA indicate lower levels of ICA.
Table 4 shows that for U.S. students avoidance and compromise strategies and the
tendency of assertiveness in managing intercultural conflicts are different depending
upon the levels of ICA. That is, the levels of ICA influence U.S. students’ avoidance
(F(2,155)=9.35, p<.0001) and compromise (F(2,155)=10.75, p<.0001) strategies and
assertiveness tendency (F(2,155)=3.13, p<.05) in resolving intercultural conflicts.
However, the levels of ICA did not influence U.S students’ use of competition,
accommodation and collaboration styles, and their tendency of cooperation in managing
intercultural conflicts.
For Korean students, the use of compromise strategy in managing intercultural
conflicts is different according to the levels of ICA. That is, the levels of ICA influenced
Korean students’ compromise strategy (F(2,155)=16.86, p<.0001). However, the levels of
ICA did not influence Korean students’ use of avoidance, competition, accommodation
and collaboration styles and their tendencies of assertiveness and cooperation in resolving
intercultural conflicts. Nevertheless, it is notable that across the levels of ICA, Korean
students tended to use avoidance style more often than did U.S. students and they are
much less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts.


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