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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 23 Table 4 Mean usage of ICMS by the level of ICA in the U.S. and Korea U.S. Korea Styles/Level L ICA M ICA H ICA L ICA M ICA H ICA Avoidance*** 12.17 14.68 17.00 Avoidan 16.90 16.74 19.14 Competition 14.30 14.00 13.00 Competi 13.33 13.09 12.27 Compromise* 16.83 18.33 15.67 Comprom* 19.27 16.92 15.50 Accommodation 15.22 15.00 14.67 Accomod 16.09 16.56 16.57 Collaboration 17.87 18.70 18.00 Collabor 20.32 19.11 18.90 Assertiveness*** 4.78 3.03 -.67 Assertiv -1.82 -.85 -.23 Cooperativeness 6.61 5.03 2.67 Coopera 4.18 5.60 6.30 *p<.05, ***p<.0001 For testing the range of each ICA level’s influence on intercultural conflict management styles and the tendencies of assertiveness and cooperation, Scheffe’s tests (Alpha=.05) were conducted. The results of Scheffe’s tests in Table 5 show that in avoidance style, comparing to the U.S. students with low ICA (M=12.17), the U.S. students with medium (M=14.68) and high ICA (M=17.00) tended to avoid intercultural conflicts more frequently. Regarding compromise style, interestingly enough, the U.S. students with medium ICA (M=18.33) tended to use compromise style more frequently than those with low (M=16.83) and high ICA (M=15.67) in resolving intercultural conflicts. Nevertheless, the U.S. students with low ICA tended to use compromise strategy more often than those with high ICA in managing intercultural conflicts. In assertiveness style, comparing to the U.S. students with low ICA (M=4.78), the U.S. students with medium (M=3.03) and high ICA (M=-6.7) tended to be less assertive in managing intercultural conflicts. In particular, it is notable that the U.S students with high ICA tended to be considerably less assertive than those with low and medium ICA.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
23
Table 4 Mean usage of ICMS by the level of ICA in the U.S. and Korea
U.S.
Korea

Styles/Level L ICA M ICA H ICA L ICA M ICA H ICA

Avoidance*** 12.17 14.68 17.00 Avoidan 16.90 16.74 19.14
Competition 14.30 14.00 13.00 Competi 13.33 13.09 12.27
Compromise* 16.83 18.33 15.67 Comprom* 19.27 16.92 15.50
Accommodation 15.22 15.00 14.67 Accomod 16.09 16.56 16.57
Collaboration 17.87 18.70 18.00 Collabor 20.32 19.11 18.90
Assertiveness*** 4.78 3.03 -.67 Assertiv -1.82 -.85 -.23
Cooperativeness 6.61
5.03
2.67 Coopera 4.18 5.60 6.30

*p<.05, ***p<.0001
For testing the range of each ICA level’s influence on intercultural conflict
management styles and the tendencies of assertiveness and cooperation, Scheffe’s tests
(Alpha=.05) were conducted. The results of Scheffe’s tests in Table 5 show that in
avoidance style, comparing to the U.S. students with low ICA (M=12.17), the U.S.
students with medium (M=14.68) and high ICA (M=17.00) tended to avoid intercultural
conflicts more frequently. Regarding compromise style, interestingly enough, the U.S.
students with medium ICA (M=18.33) tended to use compromise style more frequently
than those with low (M=16.83) and high ICA (M=15.67) in resolving intercultural
conflicts. Nevertheless, the U.S. students with low ICA tended to use compromise
strategy more often than those with high ICA in managing intercultural conflicts. In
assertiveness style, comparing to the U.S. students with low ICA (M=4.78), the U.S.
students with medium (M=3.03) and high ICA (M=-6.7) tended to be less assertive in
managing intercultural conflicts. In particular, it is notable that the U.S students with high
ICA tended to be considerably less assertive than those with low and medium ICA.


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