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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 24 However, no significantly different influence of the levels of ICA on competition, accommodation and collaboration styles and cooperation tendency were found. For Korean students, comparing to the Korean students with low ICA (M=19.27), those with high ICA (M=15.50) tended to use compromise style considerably less frequently in resolving intercultural conflicts. Further, the Korean students with medium ICA (M=16.92) tended to use compromise strategy less frequently than those with low ICA but they tended to use that strategy more often than those with high ICA. This aspect reveals that there is a positive linear relationship between the levels of ICA and compromise intercultural conflict management style. Table 5 Result of Scheffe’s test U.S. Korea Avoidance L M H Low Medium * High * Compromise L M H L M H Low * Medium High * * * Assertiveness L M H Low Medium * High * *p<.05 Table 6 shows that there were significant differences between U.S. and Korean students with low ICA in avoidance (t(43)=-6.44, p<.0001), compromise (t(43)=-4.62, p<.0001), collaboration (t(43)=-2.95, p<.01) styles, and assertiveness (t(43)=3.21, p<.01) tendency. That is, the Korean students with low ICA (M=19.14) tended to avoid

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
24
However, no significantly different influence of the levels of ICA on competition,
accommodation and collaboration styles and cooperation tendency were found.
For Korean students, comparing to the Korean students with low ICA (M=19.27),
those with high ICA (M=15.50) tended to use compromise style considerably less
frequently in resolving intercultural conflicts. Further, the Korean students with medium
ICA (M=16.92) tended to use compromise strategy less frequently than those with low
ICA but they tended to use that strategy more often than those with high ICA. This aspect
reveals that there is a positive linear relationship between the levels of ICA and
compromise intercultural conflict management style.
Table 5 Result of Scheffe’s test
U.S.
Korea

Avoidance
L M H
Low
Medium *
High
*

Compromise
L M H
L M H
Low
*
Medium
High
*
* *

Assertiveness
L M H
Low
Medium
*
High
*
*p<.05
Table 6 shows that there were significant differences between U.S. and Korean
students with low ICA in avoidance (t(43)=-6.44, p<.0001), compromise (t(43)=-4.62,
p<.0001), collaboration (t(43)=-2.95, p<.01) styles, and assertiveness (t(43)=3.21, p<.01)
tendency. That is, the Korean students with low ICA (M=19.14) tended to avoid


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