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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 25 intercultural conflicts more frequently than did the U.S. students with low ICA (M=12.17), and they also used compromise (M=19.27) and collaboration (M=20.32) styles in managing intercultural conflicts more frequently than did U.S. students (compromise M=16.63, collaboration M=17.87). On the other hand, U.S. students with low ICA (M=4.78) were more assertive than Korean students with low ICA (M=-1.82) in resolving intercultural conflicts. In particular, interestingly enough, Korean students with low ICA showed fairly a negative assertiveness tendency in resolving intercultural conflicts. Regarding medium ICA, significant differences were found between U.S. and Korean students with medium ICA in avoidance (t(224)=-4.38, p<.0001), compromise (t(224)=-4.26, p<.0001), accommodation (t(224)=-4.61, p<.0001) styles, and assertiveness (t(224)=4.74, p<.0001) tendency. That is, the Korean students with medium ICA (M=16.74) tended to avoid intercultural conflicts more frequently than did the U.S. students with medium ICA (M=14.68), and they also tended to use accommodation (M=16.56) style more frequently than did U.S. students (M=15.00) but tended to use compromise style (M=16.92) less frequently than did U.S. students (M=18.33). On the other hand, U.S. students with medium ICA (M=3.03) were considerably more assertive than Korean students with low ICA (M=-.85) in resolving intercultural conflicts. In particular, interestingly enough, Korean students with medium ICA revealed a negative assertiveness tendency in managing intercultural conflicts. Regarding high ICA, a significant difference between the U.S. and Korean students with high ICA were found only in the use of accommodation style (t(43)=-2.59, p<.05). That is, the Korean students with high ICA (M=16.57) tended to use

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
25
intercultural conflicts more frequently than did the U.S. students with low ICA
(M=12.17), and they also used compromise (M=19.27) and collaboration (M=20.32)
styles in managing intercultural conflicts more frequently than did U.S. students
(compromise M=16.63, collaboration M=17.87). On the other hand, U.S. students with
low ICA (M=4.78) were more assertive than Korean students with low ICA (M=-1.82) in
resolving intercultural conflicts. In particular, interestingly enough, Korean students with
low ICA showed fairly a negative assertiveness tendency in resolving intercultural
conflicts.
Regarding medium ICA, significant differences were found between U.S. and
Korean students with medium ICA in avoidance (t(224)=-4.38, p<.0001), compromise
(t(224)=-4.26, p<.0001), accommodation (t(224)=-4.61, p<.0001) styles, and
assertiveness (t(224)=4.74, p<.0001) tendency. That is, the Korean students with medium
ICA (M=16.74) tended to avoid intercultural conflicts more frequently than did the U.S.
students with medium ICA (M=14.68), and they also tended to use accommodation
(M=16.56) style more frequently than did U.S. students (M=15.00) but tended to use
compromise style (M=16.92) less frequently than did U.S. students (M=18.33). On the
other hand, U.S. students with medium ICA (M=3.03) were considerably more assertive
than Korean students with low ICA (M=-.85) in resolving intercultural conflicts. In
particular, interestingly enough, Korean students with medium ICA revealed a negative
assertiveness tendency in managing intercultural conflicts.
Regarding high ICA, a significant difference between the U.S. and Korean
students with high ICA were found only in the use of accommodation style (t(43)=-2.59,
p<.05). That is, the Korean students with high ICA (M=16.57) tended to use


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