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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 26 accommodation strategy a bit more frequently than did the U.S. students (M=14.67) in resolving intercultural conflicts. No other significant differences between the U.S. and Korean students with high ICA were found across other intercultural conflict management styles. Table 6 Cross-cultural comparison of the usage of ICMS according to the levels of ICA Levels Low ICA Medium ICA High ICA Styles\Country U.S. Korea U.S. Korea U.S. Korea Avoidance 12.17 19.14*** 14.68 16.74*** 17.00 16.90 Competition 14.30 13.09 14.00 13.33 13.00 12.27 Compromise 16.63 19.27*** 18.33 16.92*** 15.67 15.50 Accommodation 15.22 16.09 15.00 16.56*** 14.67 16.57* Collaboration 17.87 20.32** 18.70 19.11 18.00 18.90 Assertiveness 4.78 -1.82** 3.03 -.85*** -.67 -2.30 Cooperativeness 6.61 4.18 5.03 5.60 2.67 6.30 *p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.0001 Conclusion and discussion This study compared the differences and similarities in the relationship of intercultural communication apprehension (ICA) with intercultural conflict management styles (ICMS) and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies between U.S. and Korean college students. To estimate the levels of ICA, Neuliep and McCroskey’s PRICA scale (1997) was employed. To assess ICMS, Wilmot and Hocker’s ICMS scale (2001) based on Rahim’s ICMS scale (1983) was employed. To specify a situation of intercultural conflict interaction for the subjects, the directions of the two scales emphasized an intercultural communicative conflict context with the people from different cultures. Then, for the in-depth investigation of the cross-cultural differences in the relationship of

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
26
accommodation strategy a bit more frequently than did the U.S. students (M=14.67) in
resolving intercultural conflicts. No other significant differences between the U.S. and
Korean students with high ICA were found across other intercultural conflict
management styles.
Table 6 Cross-cultural comparison of the usage of ICMS according to the levels of ICA

Levels Low ICA Medium ICA
High ICA

Styles\Country U.S. Korea
U.S. Korea
U.S. Korea

Avoidance
12.17 19.14*** 14.68 16.74*** 17.00 16.90
Competition 14.30 13.09
14.00 13.33
13.00 12.27
Compromise
16.63 19.27*** 18.33 16.92*** 15.67 15.50
Accommodation
15.22 16.09
15.00 16.56*** 14.67 16.57*
Collaboration
17.87 20.32**
18.70 19.11
18.00 18.90
Assertiveness
4.78 -1.82**
3.03 -.85*** -.67 -2.30
Cooperativeness
6.61 4.18
5.03 5.60
2.67 6.30

*p<.05, **p<.01, ***p<.0001
Conclusion and discussion
This study compared the differences and similarities in the relationship of
intercultural communication apprehension (ICA) with intercultural conflict management
styles (ICMS) and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies between U.S. and Korean
college students. To estimate the levels of ICA, Neuliep and McCroskey’s PRICA scale
(1997) was employed. To assess ICMS, Wilmot and Hocker’s ICMS scale (2001) based
on Rahim’s ICMS scale (1983) was employed. To specify a situation of intercultural
conflict interaction for the subjects, the directions of the two scales emphasized an
intercultural communicative conflict context with the people from different cultures.
Then, for the in-depth investigation of the cross-cultural differences in the relationship of


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