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A cross-cultural comparison of the relationship between ICA, ICMS and assertiveness/cooperativeness tendencies
Unformatted Document Text:  Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness 28 Korean students. However, there was no significant difference between U.S. and Korean students in cooperativeness tendency in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, the U.S. students with high ICA used avoidance style more frequently than those with low ICA, and they were less assertive in resolving intercultural conflicts than those with low ICA. However, the U.S. students with the medium level of ICA tended to use compromise style most frequently than those with low and high ICA. Further, there was no significant difference between low and high ICA students in the use of compromise style. For Korean students a significant difference was found only in the use of compromise style in managing intercultural conflicts. The Korean students with low ICA and medium ICA tended to use compromise style more frequently than did those with high ICA. These findings seem to indicate that there is not always a positive linear relationship between the level of ICA and ICMS. Fourth, for the comparison of low ICA students between U.S. and Korea, Korean students tended to use avoidance, compromise and collaboration strategies more frequently and be less assertive than did U.S. students in resolving intercultural conflicts. For the comparison of medium ICA students between U.S. and Korea, Korean students tended to use avoidance and accommodation strategies more frequently, compromise strategy less often and be less assertive than did U.S. students in managing intercultural conflicts. For the comparison of high ICA students between U.S. and Korea, there were no significant differences between U.S. and Korean students in four ICMS and two intercultural conflict management tendencies, except for accommodation style. That is, the Korean students with high ICA tended to use accommodation style more frequently than did the U.S. students with high ICA.

Authors: Hong, Jongbae.
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Cross-cultural ICA, ICMS and Assertiveness/Cooperativeness
28
Korean students. However, there was no significant difference between U.S. and Korean
students in cooperativeness tendency in resolving intercultural conflicts. Third, the U.S.
students with high ICA used avoidance style more frequently than those with low ICA,
and they were less assertive in resolving intercultural conflicts than those with low ICA.
However, the U.S. students with the medium level of ICA tended to use compromise
style most frequently than those with low and high ICA. Further, there was no significant
difference between low and high ICA students in the use of compromise style. For
Korean students a significant difference was found only in the use of compromise style in
managing intercultural conflicts. The Korean students with low ICA and medium ICA
tended to use compromise style more frequently than did those with high ICA. These
findings seem to indicate that there is not always a positive linear relationship between
the level of ICA and ICMS. Fourth, for the comparison of low ICA students between
U.S. and Korea, Korean students tended to use avoidance, compromise and collaboration
strategies more frequently and be less assertive than did U.S. students in resolving
intercultural conflicts. For the comparison of medium ICA students between U.S. and
Korea, Korean students tended to use avoidance and accommodation strategies more
frequently, compromise strategy less often and be less assertive than did U.S. students in
managing intercultural conflicts. For the comparison of high ICA students between U.S.
and Korea, there were no significant differences between U.S. and Korean students in
four ICMS and two intercultural conflict management tendencies, except for
accommodation style. That is, the Korean students with high ICA tended to use
accommodation style more frequently than did the U.S. students with high ICA.


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